Overuse of natural resources in india

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overuse of natural resources in india

അനുഭവം ഓര്‍മ്മ യാത്ര | Anubhavam Orma Yathra by Babu Bharadwaj

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Published 10.12.2018

Natural Resources Depletion: Consumption in a World of 32:1

If India continues its current development trajectory and use of natural resources, its consumption levels would rise to the combined.
Babu Bharadwaj

How resource overuse has now put us on the brink of collapse in many sectors

With 7 billion people on the planet — theoretically from today — there will be an inevitable increase in the demand on the world's natural resources. Here are six already under severe pressure from current rates of consumption:. Freshwater only makes 2. The fear of reaching peak oil continues to haunt the oil industry. This is only enough to oil for the next A similar picture to oil exists for natural gas, with enough gas in proven reserves to meet Without this element, plants cannot grow.

The exploitation of natural resources is the use of natural resources for economic growth , [1] sometimes with a negative connotation of accompanying environmental degradation. It started to emerge on an industrial scale in the 19th century as the extraction and processing of raw materials such as in mining , steam power , and machinery developed much further than it had in preindustrial areas. During the 20th century, energy consumption rapidly increased. Intensive agriculture is an example of a mode of production that hinders many aspects of the natural environment , for example the degradation of forests in a terrestrial ecosystem and water pollution in an aquatic ecosystem. As the world population rises and economic growth occurs, the depletion of natural resources influenced by the unsustainable extraction of raw materials becomes an increasing concern.

Natural resources are those that our planet offers us without the need for human intervention. They are essential for survival, but if they are consumed at a faster rate than their natural regeneration, as is currently the case, they can be exhausted.
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A report on environment accounts released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has revealed this state. In fact, it says that when the average growth rate of gross state domestic product GSDP during for almost all the states was around per cent, 11 states registered a decline in their natural capital. While 13 states showed a marginal growth in the range per cent, just three states saw their natural capital increase by more than 5 per cent.

Some of the important Natural Resources available in India are:- 1. Water Resources 2. Forest Resources 3. Mineral Resources 4. Food Resources 5.

National strategies for economic development and growth must, therefore, ensure that building financial and human capital does not stress our natural capital; rather, it must regenerate it. The draft National Policy on Resource Efficiency for India being formulated by the government is a necessary first step in this direction. For centuries, our development and economic prosperity has depended on increasing production of goods and services. This has led to ever-growing consumption of natural resources, leading to their depletion. Furthermore, rapid resource exploitation is the single greatest cause of accelerating climate change, biodiversity loss and desertification, not to mention the clouds of toxic pollution and mountains of non-processable wastes that we produce.

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