The History Book Club - CIVIL RIGHTS: BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION Showing 1-39 of 39
Brown v. Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , U. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that American state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional, even if the segregated schools are otherwise equal in quality. Handed down on May 17, , the Court's unanimous 9—0 decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal," and therefore violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U. However, the decision's 14 pages did not spell out any sort of method for ending racial segregation in schools, and the Court's second decision in Brown II U. The decision came out of a case from Topeka, Kansas , where the public elementary schools had been segregated by race since the late 19th century.
The U. Board of Education marked a turning point in the history of race relations in the United States. On May 17, , the Court stripped away constitutional sanctions for segregation by race, and made equal opportunity in education the law of the land.
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On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously against segregation in schools
Better schools and school desegregation tended to raise the earnings of southern-born African-American men, but not all of that progress can be attributed to the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education. The public profile of that landmark ruling overshadows the slow, long-term process that raised the quality of schooling available to southern black children. In Evaluating the Role of Brown v. In Plessy v. Ferguson , the Supreme Court affirmed the right of states to enforce racial segregation "for the promotion of the public good. In Alabama in , for example, the average school year for white students was more than 30 days longer than for blacks, and there were approximately 12 more black students per teacher than white students per teacher.
George C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, James M. Nabrit l-r in front of the Supreme court, after winning Brown v. Board of Education. The Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. In , the Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that racially segregated public facilities were legal, so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal. But by the early s, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP was working hard to challenge segregation laws in public schools, and had filed lawsuits on behalf of plaintiffs in states such as South Carolina , Virginia and Delaware. The case went before the U.