Poema de mio Cid by AnonymousPoema épico, se trata del texto más representativo del arte de los juglares españoles de la Edad Media. El poema fue probablemente compuesto entre 1110-1140, no mucho después de los hechos a los que se refiere. El poema, dividido en tres partes o cantares, narra el destierro y las aventuras del Cid, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar. El tema del deshonor y la recuperación de la honra constituyen el eje central de la obra, que describe la mentalidad y los valores éticos de la época. Muchos de los personajes y hechos que muestra están atestiguados, lo cual le confiere un gran valor histórico.
EL POEMA DE MIO CID
Cantar del Mío Cid/Destierro del Cid1
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The work survives in a medieval manuscript which is now in the Spanish National Library. These poems were meant to be performed in public by minstrels or juglares , who each performed the traditional composition differently according to the performance context—sometimes adding their own twists to the epic poems they told, or abbreviating it according to the situation. El Cantar de mio Cid shows signs of being designed for oral transmission. For example the poem ends with a request for wine for the person who has recited it Es leido, dadnos del vino. On the other hand, some critics known as individualists believe El Cantar de Mio Cid was composed by one Per Abbad in English, Abbot Peter  who appears to be credited as the writer of the work in a colophon to the text.
From the manuscript colophon we may surmise that it is a copy of a previous manuscript penned by one Per Abbat in of the Spanish Era. This date may represent the transcription of an oral performance of the poem, but it is just as likely a copy of yet another lost manuscript. The poem begins with the departure of Rodrigo from his home in Vivar, the first of two exiles of Rodrigo decreed by Alfonso VI, king of Castile and Leon In the poem this first exile and the second are conflated and lead to the Cid's military campaigns in the Spanish Levant, culminating in the Cid's conquest of the Moorish kingdom of Valencia Here Rodrigo will remain with his wife and children as an independent prince until the end of his life. In the narration of these events the poem follows the historical later life of this extraordinarily successful warrior, the Campeador. But as the story draws to a satisfying resolution with the pardoning of the Cid by his king, another story emerges.
Dunn Peter N. Theme and Myth in the Poema de mio Cid. Several recent studies of the Poema de Mio Cid have drawn attention to the artistic ordering of material, the structural and stylistic elements, the processes by which a figure of exemplary value is related to a frame of time, place and social values '. My intention here is to add some supplementary observations, and in doing so I shall try, as far as possible, to avoid whas has been well said elsewhere. I hope to have the reader's indulgence for what may appear, to be sins of. The anonymous poet who composed our epic had to confront the characteristic problems of presenting a new poem on an old subject. He had to respect whatever previous knowledge of the Cid's career the audience might be presumed to have, and to make this contribute to his new conception of the hero's destiny.