The Essential Odyssey - The Odyssey- is Odysseus a jerk? Showing 1-50 of 186
What makes a hero? - Matthew Winkler
Archaeologists believe they have found the palace of Odysseus, the legendary Greek king of Ithaca and hero of Homer's epic poem. They believe that the 8th BC century palace which they have discovered in Ithaca, in the Ionian Seas west of mainland Greece, proves that he was a real historical figure. Greek archaeologists believe they have found an eight century BC palace on the island of Ithaca, fuelling theories that the hero of Homer's epic poem was real.
Is He Real, or Is He Fictional?
Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other works in that same epic cycle. He is most famous for his nostos , or "homecoming", which took him ten eventful years after the decade-long Trojan War. In Greek the name was used in various versions. Some have supposed that "there may originally have been two separate figures, one called something like Odysseus, the other something like Ulixes, who were combined into one complex personality. The etymology of the name is unknown.
All rights reserved. Breadcrumb Home Cite Odysseus. Latin name: Ulysses Odysseus is the great hero of The Odyssey , the classic tale by the ancient bard Homer. The Odyssey tells of Odysseus's year struggle to return from the Trojan War to his home in Ithaca. A manly warrior at Troy he was among those who hid in the famous Trojan Horse , Odysseus is cunning and resourceful, but also loaded with his share of pride and human failings.
Odysseus — known to the ancient Romans as Ulysses — famously took 10 years to return home to Ithaca after the fall of Troy. On his journey, he was twice shipwrecked and encountered a cyclops, the spirit of his mother and tempting Sirens before returning to Ithaca, where he found his wife, Penelope, under pressure to remarry from a host of suitors who had invaded the royal palace. With the help of his father, Laertes, and his son, Telemachus, he slaughtered his rivals and re-established his rule. But despite the fantastical details in the Greek epic, a team of archaeologists has claimed the tale is anchored in truth - and that they have discovered his home on the island of Ithaca, in the Ionian sea off the north-west coast of Greece. Nearly 3, years after Odysseus returned from his journey, the team from the University of Ioannina said they found the remains of an extensive three-storey building, with steps carved out of rock and fragments of pottery.
References & Further Reading
Members Portal. Guess whether these popular characters from history were real or fictional. Skeptoid Podcast January 27, Podcast transcript Subscribe. Let's take a break today from serious investigation and take a walk on the lighter side. There are many well-known characters in popular culture, many who became famous in works of fiction. But some of them are based on real people who actually lived. Most people will probably know most of these, but I bet you nobody will know all of them.
In the valley below, farmers in overalls are harvesting olives. A light breeze carries the scent of oregano and thyme. Across that valley was the ancient island of Ithaca. Bittlestone, a British management consultant by profession, believes he has solved a mystery that has bedeviled scholars for more than 2, years. He believes that the sea channel dividing the two islands was filled in by successive earthquakes and landslides, creating the peninsula of Paliki, as it is known today. Like Heinrich Schliemann, the businessman who discovered the site of ancient Troy in the s, and Michael Ventris, the architect who deciphered the written language of Minoan Crete in the s, the year-old Bittlestone is part of an honorable tradition of inspired amateurs who have made extraordinary discoveries outside the confines of conventional scholarship.
According to Homer, Odysseus was king of Ithaca , son of Laertes and Anticleia the daughter of Autolycus of Parnassus , and father, by his wife, Penelope , of Telemachus. In later tradition, Odysseus was instead the son of Sisyphus and fathered sons by Circe , Calypso , and others. Homer portrayed Odysseus as a man of outstanding wisdom and shrewdness, eloquence, resourcefulness, courage, and endurance. In the Iliad , Odysseus appears as the man best suited to cope with crises in personal relations among the Greeks, and he plays a leading part in achieving the reconciliation between Agamemnon and Achilles. He then encounters the Sirens , Scylla and Charybdis , and the Cattle of the Sun, which his companions, despite warnings, plunder for food. He alone survives the ensuing storm and reaches the idyllic island of the nymph Calypso. After almost nine years, Odysseus finally leaves Calypso and at last arrives in Ithaca, where his wife, Penelope , and son, Telemachus , have been struggling to maintain their authority during his prolonged absence.