Introduction of bal gangadhar tilak

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introduction of bal gangadhar tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Author of The Arctic Home in the Vedas)

Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Marathi: बाळ गंगाधर टिळक Born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak) 23 July 1856(1856-07-23)–1 August 1920(1920-08-01) (aged 64), was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer and independence fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called the great leader as Father of the Indian unrest. He was also conferred with the honorary title of Lokmanya, which literally means Accepted by the people (as their leader). Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj (self-rule) in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it! is well-remembered in India even today.

Early life

Tilak was born at Chummakachu Lane (Ranjani Aalee) in Chikhalgaon, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra to a Chitpavan Brahmin family. His father was a famous schoolteacher and a Sanskrit scholar who died when Tilak was sixteen. His brilliance rubbed off on young Tilak, who graduated from Deccan College, Pune in 1877. Tilak was among one of the first generation of Indians to receive a college education.[1]

Tilak was expected, as was the tradition then, to actively participate in public affairs. He believed that “Religion and practical life are not different. To take to Sanyasa (renunciation) is not to abandon life. The real spirit is to make the country your family instead of working only for your own. The step beyond is to serve humanity and the next step is to serve God.” This dedication to humanity would be a fundamental element in the Indian Nationalist movement.[2]

After graduating, Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in Pune. Later due to some ideological differences with the colleagues in the New School, he decided to withdraw from that activity. About that time he became a journalist. He was a strong critic of the Western education system, feeling it demeaned the Indian students and disrespected Indias heritage. He organized the Deccan Education Society with a few of his college friends, including Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi and Vishnu Krishna Chiplunkar whose goal was to improve the quality of education for Indias youth. The Deccan Education Society was set up to create a new system that taught young Indians nationalist ideas through an emphasis on Indian culture.[3] Tilak began a mass movement towards independence that was camouflaged by an emphasis on a religious and cultural revival.[4] He taught Mathematics at Fergusson College.
[edit] Political career
[edit] Indian National Congress

Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890. He opposed its moderate attitude, especially towards the fight for self government. He was one of the most eminent radicals at the time.

In 1891 Tilak opposed the Age of Consent bill. The act raised the age at which a girl could get married from 10 to 12. The Congress and other liberals supported it, but Tilak was set against it, terming it an interference with Hinduism. A plague epidemic spread from Mumbai to Pune in late 1896, and by January 1897, it reached epidemic proportions. In order to suppress the epidemic and prevent its spread, it was decided to take drastic action, accordingly a Special Plague Committee, with jurisdiction over Pune city, its suburbs and Pune cantonment was appointed under the Chairmanship of W. C. Rand, I. C. S, Assistant Collector of Pune by way of a government order dated 8 March 1897. On 12 March 1897, 893 officers and men both British and native, under command of a Major Paget of the Durham Light Infantry were placed on plague duty. By the end of May the epidemic had ebbed and the military action was gradually ended. In his report on the administration of the Pune plague, Rand wrote, It is a matter of great satisfaction to the members of the Plague Committee that no credible complaint that the modesty of a woman had been intentionally insulted was made either
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Biography of Bal Gangadhar Tilak Part 2, First leader of the Indian Independence Movement


He founded and served as president of the Indian Home Rule League. Bal Gangadhar Tilak looked to orthodox Hinduism and Maratha history as sources for nationalist inspiration against the British raj. He then studied law at the University of Bombay now Mumbai. Afterward he became an educator, which became the basis for his political career. Tilak was born into a cultured middle-class Brahman family.

He is known as "Father of the Indian unrest. He was one of the first and strongest proponents for Swaraj complete independence in Indian consciousness, and is often considered the father of Hindu nationalism.
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Tilak, Bal Gangadhar

Bal Gangadhar Tilak b. Debates then as now have focused on questions about his brand of Hinduism, his views on violence and its relationship with history, and his involvement in the nationalist movement and the politics of identity.

Tilak was a brilliant politician as well as a profound scholar who believed that independence is the foremost necessity for the wellbeing of a nation. His father, Gangadhar Tilak was a school teacher and a Sanskrit scholar who died when Tilak was sixteen. Education: Amongst one of the first generation of Indians to receive a college education, Tilak obtained his Bachelor of Arts in first class in Mathematics from Deccan College of Pune in After graduating, Tilak started teaching mathematics at a private school in Pune from which he withdrew later due to ideological differences with colleagues and became a journalist. Tilak actively participated in public affairs.

He was one third of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate. The British colonial authorities called him "The father of the Indian unrest. Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj "self-rule" and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. He is known for his quote in Marathi : "Swarajya is my birthright and I shall have it! Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. His father, Gangadhar Tilak was a school teacher and a Sanskrit scholar who died when Tilak was sixteen.


4 thoughts on “Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Author of The Arctic Home in the Vedas)

  1. Known by his followers as Lokamanya , "revered by the people, " but as the "father of Indian unrest" by the British authorities in India, Tilak had a crucial role in defining Indian nationalism by an appeal to Hindu religious and cultural symbols.

  2. Bal Gangadhar Tilak born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, teacher, and Lokmanya Tilak: A Biography, by A K Bhagwat and G P Pradhan (Publisher JAICO); Shrimad Bhagwat Geeta: Geeta Rahasya by Lokmanya Tilak .

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