World Development Report 2018: Learning to Realize Educations Promise by World Bank GroupEvery year, the World Banks World Development Report (WDR) features a topic of central importance to global development. The 2018 WDR--LEARNING to Realize Educations Promise--is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the time is right: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change. The best way to equip children and youth for the future is to make their learning the center of all efforts to promote education. The 2018 WDR explores four main themes: First, educations promise: education is a powerful instrument for eradicating poverty and promoting shared prosperity, but fulfilling its potential requires better policies--both within and outside the education system. Second, the need to shine a light on learning: despite gains in access to education, recent learning assessments reveal that many young people around the world, especially those who are poor or marginalized, are leaving school unequipped with even the foundational skills they need for life. At the same time, internationally comparable learning assessments show that skills in many middle-income countries lag far behind what those countries aspire to. And too often these shortcomings are hidden--so as a first step to tackling this learning crisis, it is essential to shine a light on it by assessing student learning better. Third, how to make schools work for all learners: research on areas such as brain science, pedagogical innovations, and school management has identified interventions that promote learning by ensuring that learners are prepared, teachers are both skilled and motivated, and other inputs support the teacher-learner relationship. Fourth, how to make systems work for learning: achieving learning throughout an education system requires more than just scaling up effective interventions. Countries must also overcome technical and political barriers by deploying salient metrics for mobilizing actors and tracking progress, building coalitions for learning, and taking an adaptive approach to reform.
The WDR reiterates that the benefits of education are poorly linked to years spent in school and urges countries to engage in system-wide commitment to improve learning outcomes. Its main messages are to assess learning, as the key to re-align education systems; to act on evidence; and to align actors so they work in the direction of improved learning outcomes. Yet, the WDR also shows that its own thinking behind solving education problems is not sticky. Several past convictions have been questioned in this report and this is a positive sign. Having said that, one discerns two voices running through it. One sticking to orthodoxies and certainties; the other being more reflective. But at the same time, the WDR recognizes that:.
Korea understood that education was the best way to pull itself out of economic misery, so it focused on overhauling schools and committed itself to educating every child, and educating them well. Coupled with smart, innovative government policies and Voir la suite Korea understood that education was the best way to pull itself out of economic misery, so it focused on overhauling schools and committed itself to educating every child, and educating them well.
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World Bank - Learning to Realize Education's Promise
Even after several years in school, millions of children cannot read, write or do basic math. This learning crisis is widening social gaps instead of narrowing them. Young students who are already disadvantaged by poverty, conflict, gender or disability reach young adulthood without even the most basic life skills. For communities, education spurs innovation, strengthens institutions, and fosters social cohesion. But these benefits depend on learning, and schooling without learning is a wasted opportunity.
Education is central to improving human welfare both inherently and instrumentally, and yet there has never been a World Development Report WDR on education. The WDR represents an opportunity to take stock of what we know and to provide guidance The WDR represents an opportunity to take stock of what we know and to provide guidance on how to expand the scope and quality of education around the world. It aims to lay the foundations for a sustained policy focus on learning outcomes and skills for life and work, and to provide guidance on how education systems can be reformed to deliver them. This paper sets out to explore Fragility, Conflict, and Violence as barriers to educational attainment that are related but also have distinctions that are important for addressing obstacles to learning. This paper argues that a combination of factors in different contexts, termed everyday fragility, severely inhibit learning opportunities and outcomes for millions of children in both non fragile and fragile states. Furthermore, lack of trust in formal political structures can lead to support for xenophobic and identity-based movements, acceptance of criminal networks, the use of violence to resolve local conflicts, and undermine the legitimacy of local and state institutions.