Who Was Abraham Lincoln? by Janet B. PascalBorn to a family of farmers, Lincoln stood out from an early age--literally! (He was six feet four inches tall.) As sixteenth President of the United States, he guided the nation through the Civil War and saw the abolition of slavery. But Lincoln was tragically shot one night at Fords Theater--the first President to be assassinated. Over 100 black-and-white illustrations and maps are included.
Abraham Lincoln Biography PBS Lincoln The Making of a President 1860 1862 1 4
His family moved to Indiana when he was seven and he grew up on the edge of the frontier. A childhood friend later recalled Lincoln's "manic" intellect, and the sight of him red-eyed and tousle-haired as he pored over books late into the night. In , at the age of nineteen, he accompanied a produce-laden flatboat down the Mississippi River to New Orleans, Louisiana—his first visit to a large city--and then walked back home. Two years later, trying to avoid health and finance troubles, Lincoln's father moved the family moved to Illinois. After moving away from home, Lincoln co-owned a general store for several years before selling his stake and enlisting as a militia captain defending Illinois in the Black Hawk War of
Abraham Lincoln February 12, — April 15, was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March until his assassination in April
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The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it. Lincoln thought secession illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75, volunteers. Four more slave states joined the Confederacy but four remained within the Union. The Civil War had begun. The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had to struggle for a living and for learning.
For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America. Abraham Lincoln was a member of the Whig Party and later a Republican. One of his greatest preoccupations as a political thinker was the issue of self-governance and the promise and problems that could arise from it. The choice by some to allow the expansion of slavery was one such problem and was central to the American Civil War. Although opposed to slavery from the outset of his political career, Lincoln would not make its abolition a mainstay of his policy until several years into the war. From to , Abraham Lincoln occupied a seat in the Illinois state legislature.