Pope Gregory I (Author of The Book of Pastoral Rule)Pope Gregory I, commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great (born in 540), became Pope in 590 and was a vigilant guardian of the Church’s doctrine. He was the founder of numerous monasteries including a school for the training of church musicians. He collected the melodies and plain chant so associated with him that they are now known as Gregorian Chants. In his lifetime, he was a Monk, an abbot, a leader of Italy. Also, a momentous influence on the Catholic Church through doctrine, organization and discipline. Gregory of Tours tells us that in grammar, rhetoric and dialectic he was so skillful as to be thought second to none in all Rome. Gregory became a patron saint of England for sending St. Augustine of Canterbury on missions there. One of Gregorys greatest accomplishments were his writings Dialogues, a book on the Lives of the Saints. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Boniface VIII in 1295.
Gregorian Chant - Benedictine Monks - Church Music
A brief history of Gregorian chant
St Gregory the Great was known as 'the father of Christian worship'. Even among the non-religious his use of puns is celebrated. He was also the first pope from a monastery, reflecting the increasing influence of the monastic movement. As a child, Gregory may have witnessed the re-capture of Italy by Emperor Justinian, who threw the Goths out of Italy in and then repulsed the Franks in , after which there was peace in Italy. Yet the Plague of Justinian, which killed a third of the Italian population, was a bigger cause of misery than any barbarian. Gregory was born into a wealthy Roman family that had close ties to the Church.
If we go back in history in search of the beginning of classical music, Gregorian chant appears to be one of the most important sources. According to traditional knowledge, it was Pope Gregory the Great who composed the melodies for the liturgical texts of the catholic church., Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant , a form of monophonic , unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.
Gregoran chants are a body of chants of the Roman Catholic Church, most of which are part of two liturgical rites, the Mass and the Offices. Origins are traditionally are ascribed to the period of Pope Gregory I The sacred music of the Gregorian Chant was also known as plainchant, or plainsong and named after Pope Gregory. This music consisted of a single line of melody with a flexible rhythm sung to Latin words by unaccompanied male voices. Manuscripts date from ninth century and used a system of modes, specific patterns of whole and half steps. This single line of melody, called monophony, characterized music until about AD. History of Gregorian Chant Unaccompanied singing has been part of the Christian liturgy since the earliest days of the Church.
Gregorian chant , monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church , used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours , or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I , during whose papacy — it was collected and codified. Charlemagne , king of the Franks — , imposed Gregorian chant on his kingdom, where another liturgical tradition—the Gallican chant—was in common use. During the 8th and 9th centuries, a process of assimilation took place between Gallican and Gregorian chants; and it is the chant in this evolved form that has come down to the present. The Ordinary of the mass includes those texts that remain the same for each mass.