Robots: Fact, Fiction, and Prediction by Jasia Reichardt
Robots : Fact, Fiction, and Prediction
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In aesthetics , the uncanny valley is a hypothesized relationship between the degree of an object's resemblance to a human being and the emotional response to such an object. The concept of the uncanny valley suggests that humanoid objects which imperfectly resemble actual human beings provoke uncanny or strangely familiar feelings of eeriness and revulsion in observers. Examples can be found in robotics , 3D computer animations , and lifelike dolls among others. With the increasing prevalence of virtual reality , augmented reality , and photorealistic computer animation, the 'valley' has been cited in the popular press in reaction to the verisimilitude of the creation as it approaches indistinguishability from reality. The uncanny valley hypothesis predicts that an entity appearing almost human will risk eliciting cold, eerie feelings in viewers. Mori's original hypothesis states that as the appearance of a robot is made more human, some observers' emotional response to the robot becomes increasingly positive and empathetic , until it reaches a point beyond which the response quickly becomes strong revulsion.
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Books interesting of the three is Austin's book. Its first and second sections are particularly worthwhile. In Section I, the author, a medical doctor and research neurologist, describes his own professional career, and he has a particular theme to develop: the role of chance in discovery. Austin reports how again and again accidents helped him with problems or revealed research opportunities. The accidents included articles encountered, information gleaned from chance meetings with colleagues, laboratory techniques learned years earlier that happened to prove relevant, unexpected observations that suggested new phenomena and others. In Section II, Austin attempts to systematize the varieties of chance into four principles. He acknowledges that his four categories are not entirely distinct one from another but nevertheless uses them fairly effectively to illuminate various historical cases of chance discoveries.