History of the Russian Revolution by Leon Trotsky“During the first two months of 1917 Russia was still a Romanov monarchy. Eight months later the Bolsheviks stood at the helm. They were little known to anybody when the year began, and their leaders were still under indictment for state treason when they came to power. You will not find another such sharp turn in history especially if you remember that it involves a nation of 150 million people. It is clear that the events of 1917, whatever you think of them, deserve study.”
—Leon Trotsky, from History of the Russian Revolution
Regarded by many as among the most powerful works of history ever written, this book offers an unparalleled account of one of the most pivotal and hotly debated events in world history. This book reveals, from the perspective of one of its central actors, the Russian Revolution’s profoundly democratic, emancipatory character.
Originally published in three parts, Trotsky’s masterpiece is collected here in a single volume. It serves as the most vital and inspiring record of the Russian Revolution to date.
“[T]he greatest history of an event that I know.”
—C. L. R. James
“In Trotsky all passions were aroused, but his thought remained calm and his vision clear.... His involvement in the struggle, far from blurring his sight, sharpens it.... The History is his crowning work, both in scale and power and as the fullest expression of his ideas on revolution. As an account of a revolution, given by one of its chief actors, it stands unique in world literature.”
The Russian Revolution: Consolidation of Power/Rise of Stalin
Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940)
Born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein on November 7, , Leon Trotsky's revolutionary activity as a young man spurred his first of several ordered exiles to Siberia. He waged Russia's revolution alongside Vladimir Lenin. As commissar of war in the new Soviet government, he helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control. As the Soviet government developed, he engaged in a power struggle against Joseph Stalin, which he lost, leading to his exile again and, eventually, his murder. His parents, David and Anna Bronstein, were prosperous Jewish farmers.
Initially supporting the Menshevik-Internationalists faction within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party , he joined the Bolsheviks "majority" just before the October Revolution , immediately becoming a leader within the Communist Party. He would go on to become one of the seven members of the first Politburo , founded in to manage the Bolshevik Revolution. He became a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War — After leading a failed struggle of the Left Opposition against the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the s and against the increasing role of bureaucracy in the Soviet Union , Trotsky was removed as Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs January , removed from the Politburo October , removed from the Central Committee October , expelled from the Communist Party November , exiled to Alma—Ata January , and exiled from the Soviet Union February As the head of the Fourth International , Trotsky continued to oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union while in exile.
In the years following the death of Vladimir Lenin in , Stalin rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union. After growing up in Georgia , Stalin conducted discreet activities for the Bolshevik Party for twelve years before the Russian Revolution in Stalin was one of the Bolsheviks' chief operatives in the Caucasus and grew close to Vladimir Lenin , who saw him as a tough character, and a loyal follower capable of getting things done behind the scenes. Stalin played a decisive role in engineering the Red Army invasion of Georgia , adopting a particularly hardline approach to opposition. Stalin's connections helped him to gain influential positions behind the scenes in the Soviet-Russian government. Due to the expansion, a secretariat became a necessity.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. But he lost out to Joseph Stalin in the power struggle that followed Lenin's death, and was assassinated while in exile. His father was a prosperous Jewish farmer.
He remained the leader of an anti-Stalinist opposition abroad until his assassination by a Stalinist agent. Leon Trotsky was a communist theorist and Soviet politician. He played a key role in the Russian Revolution of During this time, Trotsky directed the Soviet military forces. He later served as the Soviet commissar of foreign affairs —18 and of war —