Who Was Ferdinand Magellan? by Sydelle KramerWhen Portuguese sailor Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Spain in 1519, he believed he could get to the Spice Islands by sailing west through or around the New World. He was right, but what he didnt know was that the treacherous voyage would take him three years and cost him his life. Black-and-white line drawings illustrate Magellans life and voyage, with sidebars and a time line that enhance readers understanding of the period.
Over the Edge: Magellan's Terrifying Travels
Ferdinand Magellan February 3, —April 27, , a Portuguese explorer, set sail in September with a fleet of five Spanish ships in an attempt to find the Spice Islands by heading west. Although Magellan died during the journey, he is credited with the first circumnavigation of the Earth. Because his family had ties to the royal family, Magellan became a page to the Portuguese queen after his parents' untimely deaths in This position as a page allowed Magellan the opportunity to become educated and learn about the various Portuguese exploration expeditions—possibly even those conducted by Christopher Columbus. Magellan took part in his first sea voyage in when Portugal sent him to India to help install Francisco de Almeida as the Portuguese viceroy. He also experienced his first battle there in when one of the local kings rejected the practice of paying tribute to the new viceroy.
Battle of Britain
Though he was killed in the Philippines , one of his ships continued westward to Spain, accomplishing the first circumnavigation of Earth. In Ferdinand Magellan discovered the channel linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, between the mainland tip of South America and Tierra del Fuego island. Named after him, the Strait of Magellan was an important sailing-ship route before the building of the Panama Canal in offered a significantly shorter Atlantic-Pacific passage. Ferdinand Magellan is best known for being an explorer for Portugal , and later Spain , who discovered the Strait of Magellan while leading the first expedition to successfully circumnavigate the globe. The circumnavigation confirmed the idea that the world was round rather than flat. In early he enlisted in the fleet of Francisco de Almeida , first viceroy of Portuguese India , whose expedition King Manuel sent to check Muslim sea power along the African and Indian coasts and to establish a strong Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean. By Magellan was back in India.
Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal, circa As a boy, he studied mapmaking and navigation. By his mids, he was sailing in large fleets and was engaged in combat. Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal, either in the city of Porto or in Sabrosa, circa His parents were members of the Portuguese nobility and after their deaths, Magellan became a page for the queen, at age He studied at Queen Leonora's School of Pages in Lisbon and spent his days poring over texts on cartography, astronomy, and celestial navigation—subjects that would serve him well in his later pursuits. In , when Ferdinand Magellan was in his mids, he joined a Portuguese fleet that was sailing to East Africa.