Indulgences Quotes (6 quotes)
Prints of the ‘Sermon on Indulgence and Grace’ in the Taylor Institution Library, Oxford
This title is not available as a gratis copy. To discuss your use of this title for a particular course please e-mail the Textbook Adoption Consultant for review. Click here to email. These documents display a Luther grounded in late medieval theology and its peculiar issues, trained in the latest humanist methods of the Renaissance, and, most especially, showing sensitivity toward the pastoral consequences of theological positions and church practice. Series Introduction Introduction to Volume 1 1. Wengert 2.
After nailing the Ninety-Five Theses to the church door in Wittenberg, the wayward Augustinian monk, Brother Martin gave a disputation in Heidelberg on April 26 th Luther had been developing his ideas on indulgences, the role of the church, salvation, and the role of the theologian. A powerful little piece written in a style of German that crossed regional dialects, it spread like wildfire throughout the Holy Roman Empire. Luther pointed out that indulgences do nothing to lead one to true repentance, but rather work against the grace God has given. Carefully avoiding the topic of contradicting the Pope directly, Luther insisted that the Pope simply was not reading the passages of scripture close enough. The Heidelberg Disputation then can be seen as a further articulation of these ideas and a thorough expansion of this pamphlet.
The Occasion of the Work. In the course of a conscientious performance of the duties of his office, to which he had been regularly and divinely called, and without any urging on his part, he attained to this position by inward necessity. In he received his appointment as the standing substitute for the sickly city pastor, Simon Heinse, from the city council of Wittenberg. Before this time he was obliged to preach only occasionally in the convent, apart from his activity as teacher in the University and convent. Through this appointment he was in duty bound, by divine and human right, to lead and direct the congregation at Wittenberg on the true way to life, and it would have been a denial of the knowledge of salvation which God had led him to acquire, by way of ardent inner struggles, if he had led the congregation on any other way than the one God had revealed to him in His Word. He could not deny before the congregation which had been intrusted to his care, what up to this time he had taught with ever increasing clearness in his lectures at the University—for in the lectures on the Psalms, which he began to deliver in , he declares his conviction that faith alone justifies, as can be seen from the complete manuscript, published since , and with still greater clearness from his Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans , which is accessible since ; nor what he had urged as spiritual adviser of his convent brethren when in deep distress—compare the charming letter to Georg Spenlein, dated April 8, Luther's first literary works to appear in print were also occasioned by the work of his calling and of his office in the Wittenberg congregation.