Popular Red Scare Books
Sound Smart: The Red Scare - History
Anti-war and civil rights movements. The First Red Scare was a period during the early 20th-century history of the United States marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism , due to real and imagined events; real events included the Russian Revolution and anarchist bombings.
U.S. House Committee On Un-American Activities
Second Red Scare
Following the end of World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution, Unionists, mostly the average working man, went on strike and such strikes were viewed as Communist. Thus, a fear of "Reds" flourished. The first major strike occurred in a Seattle shipyard in where some 60, workers went on strike. The Seattle strike was viewed as anti-American and many news channels broadcasted it as such. Federal troops and policemen were sent to forcibly put down the strike. The Seattle strike caused a domino effect. Many other strikes such as the Boston strike on September 9th.
The Second Red Scare was a fear-driven phenomenon brought on by the growing power of communist countries in the wake of the Second World War, particularly the Soviet Union. Many in the U. The U. A massive witch hunt to root out communist sympathizers ensued. The Red Scare phenomenon has occurred twice in U. S history.
As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late s and early s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U. The Red Scare led to a range of actions that had a profound and enduring effect on U. Federal employees were analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government, and the House Un-American Activities Committee, as well as U. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, investigated allegations of subversive elements in the government and the Hollywood film industry. The climate of fear and repression linked to the Red Scare finally began to ease by the late s.