Dred Scott (Author of They Have No Rights)Dred Scott (c. 1799 – September 17, 1858) was an enslaved African American man in the United States who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom and that of his wife and their two daughters in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857, popularly known as the Dred Scott Decision. Scott claimed that he and his wife should be granted their freedom because they had lived in Illinois and the Wisconsin Territory for four years, where slavery was illegal. The United States Supreme Court decided 7–2 against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States, and therefore Scott could not bring suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship rules. Moreover, Scotts temporary residence outside Missouri did not bring about his emancipation under the Missouri Compromise, which the court ruled unconstitutional as it would improperly deprive Scotts owner of his legal property.
While Chief Justice Roger B. Taney had hoped to settle issues related to slavery and Congressional authority by this decision, it aroused public outrage, deepened sectional tensions between the northern and southern U.S. states, and hastened the eventual explosion of their differences into the American Civil War. President Abraham Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, and the post-Civil War Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments nullified the decision.
The most important and controversial court case relating to slavery was Dred Scott v. John F. Scott was an enslaved man whose owner, a military surgeon, took him to the free state of Illinois and into the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory where Congress by the Missouri Compromise of had declared that slavery could not exist. After twelve years Scott returned to St. Louis with his master, who died in
Dred Scott was born into slavery sometime in , in Southampton County, Virginia. He made history by launching a legal battle to gain his freedom. After his first owner died, Scott spent time in two free states working for several subsequent owners. Scott died in Dred Scott made history by launching a legal battle to gain his freedom. That he had lived with Dr. Emerson in free territories become the basis for his case.
Louis' old courthouse was the site of one of the most important events in American history. Dred Scott, a slave aged some 50 years, and his wife Harriet, petitioned for their freedom in The Scotts' two trials, in and in Missouri, instigated a series of complex events which resulted in a Supreme Court decision, and ultimately hastened the onset of the American Civil War. The documents contained in this exhibit outline the Scotts' struggle to gain their freedom through litigation, and are the only extant record of this significant case. He spent his life as a slave, and never learned to read or write.
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Dred Scott , born c. Louis, Missouri , African American slave at the centre of the U. John F. Dred Scott was born a slave in Southampton county, Virginia, around His original owner, Peter Blow, moved to Alabama in and then relocated to St. Louis , Missouri, in , taking with him his property—including his slaves—as he moved west.
Hodges , the Supreme Court decision in favor of marriage equality. Were they right? Of course not. The comparison to marriage equality seems odd and forced, yet Chief Justice John Roberts also made it, in his dissent to the Obergefell decision. What is going on here? What does Dred Scott really have to do with Obergefell?