Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqa: Her Life and Works by Sayyid Sulaiman NadviNadvi was born on November 22, 1884 in the Desna village of Patna (then in British India). His father, Hakeem Sayyed Abul Hasan was a Sufi Muslim.
His first teachers were Khalifa Anwar Ali of Desna and Maqsood Ali of Ookhdi. Later he received his education from his elder brother, Hakeem Sayyed Abu Habeeb and his father, who was a physician at Islampur near Patna. In 1899 he went to Phulwari Sharif (Bihar) where he became a disciple of Maulana Mohiuddin and Sulaiman Phulwari. From there he went to Darbhanga where he studied for a few months at Madrasa-e-Imdadia.
In 1901, he was admitted into Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama at Lucknow. He studied for seven years at Nadva. He was also appointed sub-editor of the journal, An-Nadwa. his first article, Waqt (Time) was published in the monthly Urdu Journal Makhzan edited by Abdul Qadir. In 1906, he graduated from the Nadva. In 1908, Nadvi was appointed an instructor of Modern Arabic and Dogmatic Theology at Dar-ul-Uloom Nadva.
Aligarh Muslim University conferred on him the honorary degree of Doctorate of Literature (DLitt) in 1940.
In 1910, Shibli Nomani began writing Sirat-un-Nabi (a highly regarded biography of Islams Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Nadvi served as his literary assistant. After Nomanis death in 1914, Nadvi left his position as a professor at Deccan College, Pune and traveled to Azamgarh. There he edited and published the two first volumes of Sirat-un-Nabi penned by Nomani, and completed the remaining four volumes himself.
In October and November 1925, Nadvi delivered a series of eight lectures on the life Muhammad (PBUH) at Madras. These lectures were later published as Khutbat-e-Madras.
In 1933, he published one of his major works, Khayyam. The nucleus of this book was an article on noted Persian scholar and poet Omar Khayyam.
In 1940, he published Rahmat-e-Aalam, a childrens book about Islams Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Nadvi, along with others who favored Hindu-Muslim unity in British India, suggested that the term Urdu be abandoned in favor of Hindustani because the former conjured up the image of a military conquest and war whereas the latter had no such symbolic baggage.
Nadvi founded Dar-ul-Mosannefeen (Academy of Authors), also known as the Shibli Academy, at Azamgarh. The first book published there was Ard-ul-Quran (2 volumes).
- Hazrat Ayesha Haq Par Nahi Thien - Engeenier Muhammad Ali Mirza -
The Battle of the Camel, also known as the Battle of Jamel or the Battle of Basra, took place at Basra, Iraq on 7 November (13 Jumada Al-Awwal 36 AH). The battle was fought between Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the cousin and . Aisha's brother Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, who was Ali's commander, approached Aisha, .
Sayyid Sulaiman Nadvi
With the martyrdom of Hazrat Uthman, Ibn Saba covered a great distance on the way of his cause. The seeds of discord started to yield fruit. This deplorable incident prevented Muslims from spreading Islam to other countries. The period of conquest and conveying the message of Islam ended; a period of stagnation and conflict started. After this stage, Ibn Saba prepared a new plan to make the Hashimites and Umayyads fight each other.
Aisha's forces and Banu Umayya. The battle was fought between Ali ibn Abi Talib , who was the cousin and son-in-law of the deceased Prophet of Islam, Muhammad , considered the fourth Rashidun Caliph of the Sunnis and the first Imam of the Shias , and A'isha widow of Prophet Muhammad , Talhah and Zubayr who led the war against Ali aiming to avenge the death of the third caliph Uthman who was the son-in-law of Muhammad, who had recently been killed as a result of rebellion by the followers of Ali. Marking the second chapter of the First Fitna , the fateful battle ended with victory for Ali and the defeat of Aisha. After the murder of Uthman ibn Affan , people in Medina paid allegiance to Ali as the new Muslim caliph. But after allegiance Talhah and Zubair asked Ali for permission to make the pilgrimage to Mecca.
The Shi'a view of Aisha is generally unfavourable. This is primarily due to what they see as her contempt for the Ahl al-Bayt the Islamic prophet Muhammad 's family and her actions in the First Fitna civil war of the time. Her participation in the Battle of Jamal is widely considered her most significant sign of such contempt. They also do not believe that she conducted herself in an appropriate manner in her role as Muhammad's wife. Shi'a also consider Aisha to be a controversial figure because of her political involvement during her lifetime.