The Three Crowns (Stuart Saga, #7) by Jean PlaidyBorn leader and brilliant soldier, William of Orange thought the English court a hotbed of vice and conspiracy -- Charles II with his mistresses, the Dukes of Monmouth and York ambitious for the throne.
William wanted no reluctant bride, but the three crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland were worth a little sacrifice. He would marry the fifteen-year-old Mary, bring her back to Holland, and teach her who was master...
All England rejoiced. Only Mary wept. She knew married people were rarely happy...
William and Mary
William III (Dutch: Willem; 4 November – 8 March ), also widely known as William of Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary. . The Dutch authorities did their best at first to ignore these intrigues, but in the Second Anglo-Dutch War one of Charles's peace conditions was the.
William III of England
In Parliament declared that James had abdicated by deserting his kingdom. William reigned and Mary reigned were offered the throne as joint monarchs. They accepted a Declaration of Rights later a Bill , drawn up by a Convention of Parliament, which limited the Sovereign's power, reaffirmed Parliament's claim to control taxation and legislation, and provided guarantees against the abuses of power which James II and the other Stuart Kings had committed. The Sovereign was required in his coronation oath to swear to maintain the Protestant religion. The Bill was designed to ensure Parliament could function free from royal interference.
William and his wife Mary were crowned joint monarchs of England, Scotland and Ireland in In part to help finance his wars with Louis, William founded the Bank of England. Historian Maureen Waller looks back at the final years of William and Mary. James II flees William's invasion force. Jim learns about William's ill health from historian Dr. Wout Troost.
Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary. Many Protestants heralded him as a champion of their faith.
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Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary. He lacked legitimate children, making Mary second in the line of succession as James's eldest child. She married her Protestant first cousin, William of Orange, in Charles died in and James took the throne, making Mary heir presumptive. James's attempts at rule by decree and the birth of his son, James Francis Edward Stuart , led to his deposition in the Glorious Revolution and the adoption of the English Bill of Rights. William and Mary became king and queen regnant. She wielded less power than him when he was in England, ceding most of her authority to him, though he heavily relied on her.
William of Orange lived from 14 November to 8 March The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. He came to power in the Netherlands in the aftermath of an occupation by French forces supported by the English in He made peace with England in , and in was able to persuade the English largely via pressure from a Protestant Parliament to accept a marriage to his year-old first cousin, Mary, daughter of his uncle James. The wedding took place in London on 4 November , with Mary an unhappy participant. She then became William's consort in the Netherlands. Mary subsequently had three pregnancies that ended in miscarriage or stillbirth.