The Life and Death of Mahatma Gandhi by Pierre Stephen Robert PayneIn addition to his own Experiments with Truth Ive read at least three other biographies of Gandhi. Two of them, those by Louis Fischer and Wm Shirer, were adulatory. The third, by Erik Erikson, was more critical, but oriented more to interpretation than to exposition. Of the three this was by far the most thorough, including not only a chronological representation of Gandhis life but also a serious attempt to understand the man on his own terms.
One aspect of the man I had not previously appreciated was how very religious he was--and that primarily in terms of Hinduism. While no mystic, Gandhi believed in, valued and sought such experience. However, while very much atune to his cultural background, Gandhi was not limited to it. Indeed, his religious interests were liberal and eclectic, a positive association with Theosophy and Anne Besant being long-standing in his life, his attitudes towards the other great world religions also being affirmative.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi was a renowned freedom activist and an authoritative or powerful political leader who had played an important role in the India's struggle for Independence against the British rule of India. He was also considered as the father of the country. No doubt he had also improved the lives of India's poor people. His birthday is celebrated every year as Gandhi Jayanti, a national Holiday in India. His ideology of truth and non-violence influenced many and was adopted by Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela for their own struggles.
Mahatma Gandhi , byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , born October 2, , Porbandar, India—died January 30, , Delhi , Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest satyagraha to achieve political and social progress. Eventually, however, they turned their focus to bucking the British regime altogether, a goal that was attained in the years directly after World War II. The victory was marred by the fact that sectarian violence within India between Hindus and Muslims necessitated the creation of two independent states—India and Pakistan—as opposed to a single unified India.
Sign in. His mother, named Putlibai, was the fourth wife; the previous three wives died in childbirth. Gandhi was born into the vaishya business caste. He was 13 years old when married Kasturbai Ba Makhanji, through his parents arrangement. They had four sons.
Born into a privileged caste, Gandhi was fortunate to receive a comprehensive education, but proved a mediocre student. In May , aged 13, Gandhi was married to Kasturba Makhanji, a girl also aged 13, through the arrangement of their respective parents, as is customary in India. Following his entry into Samaldas College, at the University of Bombay, she bore him the first of four sons, in
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Born in Porbandar, India, Gandhi studied law and organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in Gandhi leading the Salt March in protest against the government monopoly on salt production. His mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious woman who fasted regularly. Young Gandhi was a shy, unremarkable student who was so timid that he slept with the lights on even as a teenager.