Aristotle moral virtues and vices

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aristotle moral virtues and vices

The Nicomachean Ethics Quotes by Aristotle

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What is Virtue? (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics bk. 2) - A Course In Ethics

Vices and Virtues Explained

Scholars do not agree on where the name for the Nicomachean Ethics comes from. Happiness is the highest good and the end at which all our activities ultimately aim. All our activities aim at some end, though most of these ends are means toward other ends. For example, we go grocery shopping to buy food, but buying food is itself a means toward the end of eating well and thriftily. Eating well and thriftily is also not an end in itself but a means to other ends. Only happiness is an end in itself, so it is the ultimate end at which all our activities aim. As such, it is the supreme good.

Are virtue and vice physic or metaphysic? Are they natural or divine? There are countless ways to discuss this, but all theories lead back to the same concept. Virtues are those honorable qualities that we respect in ourselves and others, the ones with positive ends and Vices are the absence of these qualities. The basics of vices and virtue like so many things were perhaps best expressed by Plato and Aristotle. All these naturally take precedence of the other goods….

Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors Socrates and Plato. Philosophical ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live. Aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate fields of study, since ethics examines the good of the individual, while politics examines the good of the city-state. Aristotle's writings have been read more or less continuously since ancient times, [1] and his ethical treatises in particular continue to influence philosophers working today. As Aristotle argues in Book II of the Nicomachean Ethics , the man who possesses character excellence does the right thing, at the right time, and in the right way. Bravery, and the correct regulation of one's bodily appetites, are examples of character excellence or virtue.

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Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life. Every activity has a final cause, the good at which it aims, and Aristotle argued that since there cannot be an infinite regress of merely extrinsic goods, there must be a highest good at which all human activity ultimately aims. Ethics I 2 This end of human life could be called happiness or living well , of course, but what is it really? Neither the ordinary notions of pleasure, wealth, and honor nor the philosophical theory of forms provide an adequate account of this ultimate goal, since even individuals who acquire the material goods or achieve intellectual knowledge may not be happy. According to Aristotle, things of any variety have a characteristic function that they are properly used to perform.

June 12, by Victoria Rayner. Aristotle was a Greek Philosopher, a student of Plato who was responsible for major contributions for metaphysics to ethics, aesthetics and politics. He believed that the function of a human was to engage in an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue. Aristotle thought that there were two overriding virtues, intellectual and moral. The intellectual virtues he claimed were acquired by inheritance and education and the moral ones through the imitation of practice and habit. The highest virtue, according to Aristotle was intellectual contemplation.

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3 thoughts on “The Nicomachean Ethics Quotes by Aristotle

  1. Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices.

  2. It is commonly thought that virtues, according to Aristotle, are habits and that the good life is a life of mindless routine.

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