Quote by Benjamin Franklin: “Those who would give up essential liberty to pu...”
(1) Thomas Jefferson vs. (2) Ben Franklin
The Founding Fathers of the United States , or simply the Founding Fathers , were a group of American leaders who united the Thirteen Colonies , led the war for independence from Great Britain , and built a frame of government for the new United States of America upon republican principles during the latter decades of the 18th century. Most Founding Fathers at one point considered themselves British subjects , but they came to understand themselves more as patriotic Americans who possessed a spirit distinct from that of their motherland. The group was composed of businessmen , lawyers , philosophers , politicians , plantation owners and writers from a variety of social, economic, and ethnic backgrounds. The Founding Fathers came from a variety of occupations, and many such as, John Adams , a lawyer; Charles Carroll of Carrollton , a planter; and Benjamin Rush , a doctor had no prior political experience. Historian Richard B. Franklin, Hamilton and Jay were leading opponents of slavery.
The conflict between Britain and its colonies in America had escalated beyond just taxation. The colonies were looking for representation in the British Legislature but were denied that right. - As neither man has been expunged from history, it is interesting to consider the nine months they spent together in Paris , a time when they renewed the relationship begun in the Continental Congress of and when the younger Jefferson again had the opportunity to work closely with Franklin, seasoned veteran of international diplomacy, science, and letters. When Jefferson arrived in August to assist in the negotiation of commercial treaties, Franklin had been in France for more than seven years.
The Committee of Five of the Second Continental Congress was a group of five members who drafted and presented to the full Congress what would become America's Declaration of Independence of July 4, This Declaration committee operated from June 11, , until July 5, , the day on which the Declaration was published. The delegates of the Thirteen Colonies in Congress resolved to postpone until Monday, July 1, the final consideration of whether or not to declare the several sovereign independencies of the Colonies, which had been proposed by the North Carolina resolutions of April 12 and the Virginia resolutions of May During these allotted three weeks Congress agreed to appoint a committee to draft a broadside statement to proclaim to the world the reasons for the Colonies seceding from the British Empire. The broadside's final paragraph repeated the text of the Lee Resolution as adopted by the declaratory resolve voted on July 2. Because the committee left no minutes, there is some uncertainty about how the drafting process proceeded—accounts written many years later by Jefferson and Adams, although frequently cited, are contradictory and not entirely reliable.