Sons Quotes (90 quotes)
St. Thomas Aquinas vs. Modernism: Faith and Reason Over Heresy - Jan 28 - Homily - Fr Alan
In the Summa Theologiae , Thomas Aquinas includes five arguments answering the question of whether we can know if God exists. Aquinas drew on the philosophy of Aristotle in his theology, using both faith and reason to give us some of the most erudite as well as understandable explanations of revealed truths. Thanks to the work of this saint, we are all given the ability to raise our reason higher in contemplation of our Creator. Although Thomas Aquinas accorded primacy to revelation, he recognized an autonomy proper to human reason and clearly delineated the spheres of faith and reason, maintaining the importance of philosophy and the sciences, even for theology. Despite a profound influence from Neoplatonism, his philosophical thought, contained in commentaries on Aristotle and independent treatises, is basically Aristotelian, empirical, and realist, or what G. This conviction that valid arguments must start with facts of the natural world gave his proofs for the existence of God their characteristic form.
Faith and reason are authoritative sources on which beliefs can be based. The reason is believed to be the doctrine for a practical inquest, be it intellectual, religious, aesthetic, or moral. Therefore, it is not the mere rules of logical assumption or the personified wisdom of a tradition or power. Faith, however, is the belief in some assertion that is not at least currently demonstrated by reason. Therefore, faith is a kind of mindset of conviction or assent.
Aquinas’ View of Faith
Faith and rationality are two ideologies that exist in varying degrees of conflict or compatibility. Rationality is based on reason or facts. Faith is belief in inspiration , revelation , or authority. The word faith sometimes refers to a belief that is held with lack of reason or evidence, a belief that is held in spite of or against reason or evidence , or it can refer to belief based upon a degree of evidential warrant. Although the words faith and belief are sometimes erroneously conflated [ citation needed ] and used as synonyms, faith properly refers to a particular type or subset of belief, as defined above.