A Theory of Human Motivation by Abraham H. MaslowThe present paper is an attempt to formulate a positive theory of motivation which will satisfy these theoretical demands and at the same time conform to the known facts, clinical and observational as well as experimental. It derives most directly, however, from clinical experience. This theory is, I think, in the functionalist tradition of James and Dewey, and is fused with the holism of Wertheimer, Goldstein, and Gestalt Psychology, and with the dynamicism of Freud and Adler. This fusion or synthesis may arbitrarily be called a general-dynamic theory. It is far easier to perceive and to criticize the aspects in motivation theory than to remedy them. Mostly this is because of the very serious lack of sound data in this area. I conceive this lack of sound facts to be due primarily to the absence of a valid theory of motivation. The present theory then must be considered to be a suggested program or framework for future research and must stand or fall, not so much on facts available or evidence presented, as upon researches to be done, researches suggested perhaps, by the questions raised in this paper.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
It was in a Psychologist Mr. His theory is one popular and extensively cited theory of motivation. Maslow's theory is based on the Hierarchy of Human Needs. According to Maslow, human behavior is related to his needs. It is adjusted as per the nature of needs to be satisfied. He concluded that when one set of needs is satisfied, it ceases to be a motivating factor.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" in Psychological Review. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology , some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
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By Saul McLeod , updated Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needs higher up. From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization. This five-stage model can be divided into deficiency needs and growth needs. The first four levels are often referred to as deficiency needs D-needs , and the top level is known as growth or being needs B-needs.
What motivates human behavior? This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs. Maslow's hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the most complex needs are at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth.
Contributors Key Concepts Resources and References. Abraham H. Maslow felt as though conditioning theories did not adequately capture the complexity of human behavior. In a paper called A Theory of Human Motivation, Maslow presented the idea that human actions are directed toward goal attainment . The four levels lower-order needs are considered physiological needs, while the top level of the pyramid is considered growth needs. The lower level needs must be satisfied before higher-order needs can influence behavior.