From Private to Field-Marshal by William Robert RobertsonThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921. Excerpt: ... CHIEF OF THE IMPERIAL GENERAL STAFF, I917-18 Allied Conference at Rome--Method of conducting these conferences--Admiral Bacon--Dover Patrol--Relations with Admiralty Staff--Admirals Jellicoe and Wemyss--Reorganisation of Admiralty Staff--Lord Fisher--Visit to Italian Front--General Staff views on man-power--Difficulty of providing drafts--Question many times raised during 1917--Young soldier battalions--Events on Russian front--Palestine Campaign--Operations on West Front--Nivelle replaced by Petain--Foch becomes Chief of French General Staff--My relations with him--Messines--Passchendaele--Cambrai--Defeat of Italians--Alternative plans suggested during the year--Evils attending unnecessary changes of plan--Difficulty of keeping strategical direction of war on right lines--Consideration by General Staff of plans for 1918--Conclusions reached--Anxiety regarding man-power and shipping--Generals Pershing and Bliss--Question of unity of command--Various proposals made in 1915--Calais agreement of February 1917--Consideration by military authorities in summer of 1917--Rapallo Conference establishes a Supreme War Council--A political not a military body--The technical advisers of the Council become executive officers--Am unable to accept the Government arrangement for giving effect to this system--This leads to my removal from the War Office--Measures taken after the German offensive in March 1918--My indebtedness to many friends whilst C.LG.S. In the first week of January 1917 I went with certain ministers of the newly-formed War Cabinet to Rome, where an Allied Conference was to be held to consider future plans. We travelled from Paris in company with M. Briand, M. Thomas, General (now Marshal) Lyautey, and other French representatives. M. Briand, who had bee...
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Field marshal (United Kingdom)
Field Marshal is the highest military officer rank in the British Army and several Commonwealth armies. The word "marshal" comes from the Frankish marescalci , or Master of the Horse. In medieval kingdoms, the marshal was generally an officer of the royal household responsible for commanding the king's cavalry troops; he was usually subordinate to the Constable , the commander of the king's army. The British Army no longer promotes new Field Marshals in peacetime; the last officer to be appointed to the rank was Lord Inge , former Chief of Defence Staff, in The rank insignia of a Field Marshal consist of crossed batons over a laurel wreath, and a crown. Several other armies use the rank, particularly those in the Commonwealth.
Insignia of rank
Field Marshal was once the ultimate rank in the British Army. The last officer to hold the rank was Sir Peter Inge, who was promoted to the rank in , on appointment as Chief of the Defence Staff, a post held until It was he who decreed that, in recognition of the small size of the post-cold war Army, there was no justification for continuing to promote officers to the rank. On appointment to this rank the holder is given a golden baton, which is the symbol of the office. This appointment is for life, with the holder never retiring. In war a Field Marshal is responsible for the command of a group of armies a formation in the same way as Bde and Div etc are formations.
Regiments and Corps. But what ranks are there in the British Army and how are they denoted? Officers are at the top of the hierarchy. Their ranks indicate that they hold positions of authority, granted through a commission - a formal document of appointment signed by the monarch. Other ranks are the enlisted soldiers of the army. They do not have a commission and they do not hold positions of high command. However, separate tiers of authority - warrant officer WO and non-commissioned officer NCO - exist within their rank structure.