Fever 1793 by Laurie Halse AndersonIts late summer 1793, and the streets of Philadelphia are abuzz with mosquitoes and rumors of fever. Down near the docks, many have taken ill, and the fatalities are mounting. Now they include Polly, the serving girl at the Cook Coffeehouse. But fourteen-year-old Mattie Cook doesnt get a moment to mourn the passing of her childhood playmate. New customers have overrun her familys coffee shop, located far from the mosquito-infested river, and Matties concerns of fever are all but overshadowed by dreams of growing her familys small business into a thriving enterprise. But when the fever begins to strike closer to home, Matties struggle to build a new life must give way to a new fight—the fight to stay alive.
The Free African Society
The Free African Society , founded in , was a benevolent organization that held religious services and provided mutual aid for "free Africans and their descendants" in Philadelphia. It was the first Black religious institution in the city and led to the establishment of the first independent Black churches in the United States. The Free African Society FAS developed as part of the rise in civic organizing following American independence in the to Revolutionary War; it was the first black mutual aid society in Philadelphia. The city was a growing center of free blacks, attracted to its jobs and other opportunities. By , the city had 2, free black residents, a number that continued to increase. Northern states largely abolished slavery.
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Born a slave in Philadelphia, Richard Allen and his entire family were sold to a Delaware plantation owner in the s. At the age of 17, Allen began attending weekly Methodist Society meetings that transformed his life. By the age of 20, Allen was able to purchase his freedom and he became an itinerant Methodist preacher. The preaching circuit allowed him to attend Methodist meetings throughout Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. In Allen accepted an offer to be a weekly speaker at St.
In , Philadelphia was struck with the worst outbreak of Yellow Fever ever recorded in North America. The fever took a devastating toll on the city as nearly 5, individuals died, among them close to African Americans. Benjamin Rush, signer of the Declaration of Independence and leading medical mind of the day, wrote to Richard Allen and Absalom Jones and implored them to step in and help the sick. Rush believed that African Americans were not as susceptible to the Yellow Fever. Allen, Jones, and many other African Americans agreed to help the sick, working as everything from nurses to gravediggers. Allen was struck by the fever in late September and was lucky to survive when so many had perished.
and aides during the Yellow Fever Epidemic of , The doctor Benjamin Rush believed African.
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The Free African Society, some of the saviors during the Epidemic
Free African Society FAS , nondenominational religious mutual aid organization that provided financial and emotional support to newly free African slaves in the United States. The mission of the group was to provide fellowship, a place of worship, and monetary support for members and their families in case of sickness or death.