Mark Twain (Author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn)Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).
Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which would later provide the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. He apprenticed with a printer. He also worked as a typesetter and contributed articles to his older brother Orions newspaper. After toiling as a printer in various cities, he became a master riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River, before heading west to join Orion. He was a failure at gold mining, so he next turned to journalism. While a reporter, he wrote a humorous story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, which proved to be very popular and brought him nationwide attention. His travelogues were also well-received. Twain had found his calling.
He achieved great success as a writer and public speaker. His wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
However, he lacked financial acumen. Though he made a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, he squandered it on various ventures, in particular the Paige Compositor, and was forced to declare bankruptcy. With the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers, however, he eventually overcame his financial troubles. Twain worked hard to ensure that all of his creditors were paid in full, even though his bankruptcy had relieved him of the legal responsibility.
Born during a visit by Halleys Comet, he died on its return. He was lauded as the greatest American humorist of his age, and William Faulkner called Twain the father of American literature.
Excerpted from Wikipedia.
Μαρκ Τουαίν (Greek)
Frequently Asked Questions
This article is from the archive of our partner. It only took us a century and a half, but we may have finally learned the real source of Samuel Clemens' ubiquitously recognizable nom de plume : he stole it from a humor journal so lame that he quickly invented a cooler story to pass off as true. But he wouldn't have gotten away with such a trick today. You could train a garden slug to do what I did, but the cat would be quicker. Scholars have never been clear on the source of Twain's pseudonym, but stories emerged during his lifetime. One famously suggested "M ark twain!
The real person was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Samuel Clemens was born at Florida, Missouri. His family moved to Hannibal when he was four. He lived here to age 17, then left town. He traveled the world, with a long residency in Hartford, Connecticut. In December, , he wore a white suit while appearing before a congressional committee regarding copyright.
If you're familiar with Mark Twain's memorable novels, you're probably aware that his pen name is not his given name. He grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, a town located along the Mississippi River that would later serve as locational inspiration for his books. He spent years working on riverboats, where he met riverboat captain Isaiah Sellers, who, he claims, went by "Mark Twain. Isaiah died in , and, according to Mark Twain, "as he could no longer need that signature, I laid violent hands upon it without asking permission of the proprietor's remains. This had long been accepted as the story behind his pen name, but book dealer and scholar Kevin Mac Donnell stumbled upon a magazine article that likely debunks this myth.
Mark Twain Claimed He Got His Pen Name From a Riverboat Captain. was an obscure Missourian named Samuel Langhorne Clemens who.
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Who Was Mark Twain?
This is How Mark Twain Got His Pen Name
Author Samuel Langhorne Clemens used the pen name "Mark Twain" and a couple other pseudonyms during his writing career. Pen names have been used by authors throughout the centuries for purposes such as disguising their gender, shielding their personal anonymity and family associations, or even to cover up past legal troubles. However, Samuel Clemens didn't appear to choose Mark Twain for any of those reasons. They related to the stage and condition of the river, and were accurate and valuable; and thus far, they contained no poison. The term mark twain is for a measured river depth of 12 feet or two fathoms, the depth that was safe for a steamboat to pass. Sounding the river for depth was essential as an unseen obstruction could result in tearing a hole in the vessel and sinking it. Clemens aspired to be a river pilot, which was a well-paying position.