The History Book Club - THE FIRST WORLD WAR: GALLIPOLI OR DARDANELLES Showing 1-50 of 56
Battle of Gallipoli
Detailed map of the Gallipoli peninsula in showing British and Allied landing beaches. When the First World War broke out in July the general feeling was that it would be over by the end of that year. On the Western Front in particular, the fighting had ground to a stalemate, and the casualties continued to rise. The politicians and the military commanders in Britain began to look for other ways to attack Germany and to alleviate the pressure on the Eastern Front. As First Lord of the Admiralty, the government minister responsible for the British navy, Winston Churchill supported the idea of an attack on Turkey.
Ottoman Empire: 56, killed 97, wounded or injured 11, missing or PoW 69, evacuated sick  21, died of disease . The Entente powers, Britain, France and the Russian Empire , sought to weaken the Ottoman Empire , one of the Central Powers , by taking control of the straits that provided a supply route to Russia. The Allies' attack on Ottoman forts at the entrance of the Dardanelles in February failed and was followed by an amphibious landing on the Gallipoli peninsula in April to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople Istanbul.
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On 25 April , the Anzacs landed around Ari Burnu on the western side of the Gallipoli peninsula with the loss of 5, casualties. The landing site became known as Anzac Cove. Allied success in the campaign could have weakened the Central Powers, allowed Britain and France to support Russia and helped to secure British strength in the Middle East. But success depended on Ottoman Turkish opposition quickly crumbling. Trench warfare quickly took hold at Gallipoli, mirroring the fighting of the Western Front.
By the Western Front was clearly deadlocked. There were strong arguments mounted for an offensive through the Balkans or even a landing on Germany's Baltic coast, instead of more costly attacks in France and Belgium. The Allied strategy was under scrutiny. These ideas were initially sidelined, but in early the Russians found themselves threatened by the Turks in the Caucasus and appealed for some relief. The British decided to mount a naval expedition to bombard and take the Gallipoli Peninsula on the western shore of the Dardanelles, with Constantinople as its objective. By capturing Constantinople, the British hoped to link up with the Russians, knock Turkey out of the war and possibly persuade the Balkan states to join the Allies.
Gallipoli Campaign , also called Dardanelles Campaign , February —January , in World War I , an Anglo-French operation against Turkey , intended to force the mile- km- long Dardanelles channel and to occupy Constantinople. Plans for such a venture were considered by the British authorities between and , but military and naval opinion was against it. When war between the Allies and Turkey began early in November , the matter was reexamined and classed as a hazardous, but possible, operation. On January 2, , in response to an appeal by Grand Duke Nicholas , commanding the Russian armies, the British government agreed to stage a demonstration against Turkey to relieve pressure on the Russians on the Caucasus front. The Dardanelles was selected as the place, a combined naval and military operation being strongly supported by Winston Churchill , who was then the first lord of the Admiralty.