Anglo boer war 1899 to 1902

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anglo boer war 1899 to 1902

The Anglo Boer War 1899 1902 by Fransjohan Pretorius

From 1899 to 1902, South Africa was convulsed by the conflict between Britain and two small Afrikaner republics, the ZAR (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. This is an outline of the war, through the first formal stages to the guerilla struggle of the bitter end. Finally, it focuses on individual aspects of the war that are often overlooked in a more general approach. The interplay of text and pictures seeks to illuminate the social complexities of a hostile veld, and the role of blacks in the warfare.
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Published 17.05.2019

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British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How did the wars in South African shake British prestige so badly and cause a major re-evaluation of military tactics in the years before World War One?
Fransjohan Pretorius

South African War

Initial Boer attacks were successful, and although British reinforcements later reversed these, the war continued for years with Boer guerrilla warfare , until harsh British counter-measures brought the Boers to terms. The war started with the British overconfident and under-prepared. Staggered, the British brought in large numbers of soldiers and fought back. They relieved the three besieged cities, and invaded the two Boer republics in late The onward marches of the British Army , well over , men, were so overwhelming that the Boers did not fight staged battles in defense of their homeland. The British seized control of all of the Orange Free State and Transvaal, as the civilian leadership went into hiding or exile. In conventional terms, the war was over.

It was an event that in many ways shaped the history of 20th Century South Africa. The end of the war marked the end of the long process of British conquest of South African societies, both Black and White'.
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The Boer Republics declared war on 11th October and the conflict ended on 31st May , a duration of 2 years and 8 months. At first, the Boer republican fighters were successful in three major offensives. Their commandos invaded northern Natal and besieged the town of Ladysmith, invaded Cape Colony to lay siege to the British garrisons in Kimberley and Mafeking. While the British did achieve some tactical victories at Talana and Elandslaagte, there were serious defeats for the British at Stormberg, Magersfontein and Colenso which became known as 'Black Week' 10th - 15th December Stage 2 - British response.

Author's note: The following article focuses on the involvement of black South Africans in the Anglo-Boer War of to The term 'black', used in this article, refers specifically to black South Africans and does not include Coloureds and Indians. There was an unwritten agreement between the leaders of the Boers and the British that this war would be a white man's war and that blacks should not be armed for the struggle. In spite of this, however, there are photographs that attest to the contribution made by blacks in both combatant and non-combatant roles during the war. Blacks were employed in a wide variety of roles, as trench diggers, scouts, despatch runners, cattle-raiders, drivers, labourers and trackers, and they were used in the construction of forts, the transportation of balloons that were used for reconnaissance work, and also as agterryers and auxiliaries. Agterryers were either conscripted by the Boers or joined the commandos voluntarily. The Boers utilized agterryers for guarding spare ammunition, looking after the horses, cooking, collecting firewood and loading firearms.

1 thoughts on “The Anglo Boer War 1899 1902 by Fransjohan Pretorius

  1. The Boers had founded two independent South African republics the Orange Free State and the South African Republic and had a long history of distrust and dislike for the British that surrounded them.

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