Shereen ratnagar understanding harappa pdf

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shereen ratnagar understanding harappa pdf

Shereen Ratnagar (Author of Understanding Harappa)

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Published 22.06.2019

Understanding Harappa - Civilization in the Greater Indus Valley

Sahapedia : Dr Ratnagar, how does one introduce the layperson to a topic such as yours—a civilization that endured at least years, and one that covered a truly vast area? Shereen Ratnagar : It is a very vast topic. One usually begins with some map work. This is a good starting point because we see a huge area and are taught that this was the widest spread of the river-valley civilizations, which is true. However, in doing that sometimes we forget that on the ground, in terms of city size and number of settlements, the Harappa civilization is on a smaller scale than its contemporaries, like the Mesopotamian civilization.

Shereen F. Ratnagar is an Indian archaeologist whose work has focused on the Indus Valley Civilization. She is the author of several texts. She was a professor of archaeology and ancient history at the Centre for Historical Studies at the Jawaharlal Nehru University , Delhi. She retired in , and is currently an independent researcher living in Mumbai. She is noted for work on investigating the factors contributing to the end of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Educators from Maharashtra

The civilisation's cities were noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, clusters of large non-residential buildings, and new techniques in handicraft carnelian products, seal carving and metallurgy copper, bronze, lead, and tin. The Harappan language is not directly attested, and its affiliation is uncertain since the Indus script is still undeciphered. The Indus Valley Civilisation is named after the Indus river system in whose alluvial plains the early sites of the civilisation were identified and excavated. A section of scholars use the terms "Sarasvati culture", the "Sarasvati Civilisation", the "Indus-Sarasvati Civilisation" or the "Sindhu-Saraswati Civilisation", because they consider the Ghaggar-Hakra river to be the same as the Sarasvati , [24] [25] [26] a river mentioned several times in the Rig Veda , a collection of ancient Sanskrit hymns composed in the second millennium BCE. The Indus civilization was roughly contemporary with the other riverine civilisations of the ancient world: Egypt along the Nile, Mesopotamia in the lands watered by the Euphrates and the Tigris, and China in the drainage basin of the Yellow River. In addition, there was a region with disparate flora, fauna, and habitats, up to ten times as large, which had been shaped culturally and economically by the Indus.

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