Inferno (The Divine Comedy #1) by Dante AlighieriInferno (La Divina Commedia #1) = The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri: Volume 1: Inferno, Dante Alighieri
The Divine Comedy is a long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. 1308 and completed in 1320, a year before his death, in 1321. It is widely considered the preeminent work in Italian literature, and is seen as one of the greatest works of world literature. The poems imaginative vision of the afterlife is representative of the medieval world-view as it had developed in the Western Church, by the 14th century. It helped establish the Tuscan language, in which it is written, as the standardized Italian language. It is divided into three parts: Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso.
تاریخ خوانش: در سال 1968 میلادی
عنوان: دوزخ - دانته آلیگیری - کمدی الهی؛ نویسنهد: دانته آلیگیری؛ مترجم: شجاع الدین شفا؛ تهران، امیرکبیر؛ 1335؛ در سه جلد: جلد نخست: دوزخ؛ جلد دوم : برزخ؛ جلد سوم: بهشت؛ چاپ بیست و یکم 1393؛ موضوع: شعر شاعران ایتالیائی - سده ی 14 م
نقل از متن: در نیمه راه زندگانی، خویشتن را، در جنگلی تاریک یافتم، زیرا راه راست را گم کرده بودم، و چه دشوار است، وصف این جنگل وحشی و سخت انبوه، که یادش ترس را، در دل بیدار میکند. چنان تلخ است، که مرگ، جز اندکی از آن تلختر نیست، اما من، برای وصف صفایی که در این جنگل یافتم، از دگر چیزهایی که در آن جستم، سخن خواهم گفت. درست نمیتوانم گفت، که چگونه پای بدان نهادم، زیرا هنگامی که شاهراه را ترک گفتم، سخت خواب آلوده بودم. پایان نقل از قسمتی از سرود اول دوزخ. ا. شربیانی
Botticelli Inferno - Inside the 'Map of Hell'
The Map of Hell
This is Botticelli's chart of Hell as described by Dante in his 14th century epic poem Inferno. Dante saw Hell as an abyss, a giant cave leading to the center of Earth. The cave was created when God cast Lucifer out of Heaven. Lucifer is stuck in the center, caught in ice. In the story Dante describes his journey through Hell, which he made together with his friend the poet Virgil. Descending, they pass nine rings, representing categories of sins. The first five rings are for people who could not control their desires: lust, gluttony, greed, anger and revenge.
The Divine Comedy Illustrated by Botticelli is a manuscript of the Divine Comedy by Dante, illustrated by 92 full-page pictures by Sandro Botticelli that are considered masterpieces and amongst the best works of the Renaissance painter. The images are mostly not taken beyond silverpoint drawings, many worked over in ink, but four pages are fully coloured. In the main part of the manuscript was added to the collection of the Kupferstichkabinett Berlin Museum of Prints and Drawings when the director Friedrich Lippmann bought 85 of Botticelli's drawings. The time of separation of these drawings is unknown. The Map of Hell is in the Vatican collection.
The artist Sandro Botticelli
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The Map of Hell parchment shows the geography of hell in the classical funnel section , which was used in later iconography. The parchment was painted by Botticelli between and , with the technique of the silver tip. The famous painter Sandro Botticelli, whose real name was Alessandro Filipepi, was born in Florence in and died there in This project reflects the revival of interest in Dante in late fifteenth century Florence. Having completed the work assigned to him, he returned at once to Florence, where, being whimsical and eccentric, he occupied himself with commenting on a certain part of Dante, illustrating the Inferno, and executing prints, over which he wasted much time, and, neglecting his proper occupation, he did no work, and thereby caused infinite disorder in his affairs. Currently, we are aware of the existence of ninety-two parchments, which were discovered and became famous only in the mid-nineteenth century. As we mentioned above, the structure of hell created by Dante and designed by Botticelli is shaped like an inverted cone—like a funnel—which degrades with its nine circles to the center of the Earth, in which Lucifer is embedded.
Note: Many of these maps are viewable with a pan and zoom feature. Click the associated image to view the details. Reproduced with permission of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. See also, Parker, Deborah. Visit an Interactive view of Botticelli's Chart of Hell pops up. The copyright to the illustration of the map of Hell is held by Lindsay McCulloch. Publication print or electronic or commercial use of this drawing is strictly prohibited.