History of northern ireland conflict

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history of northern ireland conflict

Making Sense of the Troubles: The Story of the Conflict in Northern Ireland by David McKittrick

Compellingly written and even-handed in its judgments, this is by far the clearest account of what has happened through the years in the Northern Ireland conflict, and why. After a chapter of background on the period from 1921 to 1963, it covers the ensuing period--the descent into violence, the hunger strikes, the Anglo-Irish accord, the bombers in England--to the present shaky peace process. Behind the deluge of information and opinion about the conflict, there is a straightforward and gripping story. Mr. McKittrick and Mr. McVea tell that story clearly, concisely, and, above all, fairly, avoiding intricate detail in favor of narrative pace and accessible prose. They describe and explain a lethal but fascinating time in Northern Irelands history, which brought not only death, injury, and destruction but enormous political and social change. They close on an optimistic note, convinced that while peace--if it comes--will always be imperfect, a corner has now been decisively turned. The book includes a detailed chronology, statistical tables, and a glossary of terms.
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The Northern Ireland Conflict - Easily Explained

Northern Ireland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom , [1] [2] although it is also described by official sources as a province or a region [3] [4] , situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland. It was created as a separate legal entity on 3 May , under the Government of Ireland Act
David McKittrick

History of Northern Ireland

Political separation of Northern Ireland from the rest of Ireland did not come until the early 20th century, when Protestants and Catholics divided into two warring camps over the issue of Irish home rule. The history of Northern Ireland can be traced back to the 17th century, when the English finally succeeded in subduing the island after successfully putting down a number of rebellions. See Oliver Cromwell ; Battle of the Boyne. Much land, especially in the north, was subsequently colonized by Scottish and English Protestants , setting Ulster somewhat apart from the rest of Ireland, which was predominantly Catholic. During the s the north and south grew further apart due to economic differences. In the north the standard of living rose as industry and manufacturing flourished, while in the south the unequal distribution of land and resources—Anglican Protestants owned most of the land—resulted in a low standard of living for the large Catholic population. Most Irish Catholics desired complete independence from Britain, but Irish Protestants feared living in a country ruled by a Catholic majority.

The Northern Ireland conflict was a thirty year bout of political violence, low intensity armed conflict and political deadlock within the six north-eastern counties of Ireland that formed part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It was a complex conflict with multiple armed and political actors. The Northern Ireland conflict had elements of insurgency, inter-communal violence and at times approached civil war. Another angle of the conflict was sectarian or communal violence between the majority unionist or loyalist Protestant population and the minority Catholic or nationalist one. This was manifested in inter-communal rioting, house burning and expulsion of minorities from rival areas as well as lethal violence including shooting and bombing.

There have been protests over the decision to restrict the flying of the union flag at Belfast City Hall. Ninety years ago Ireland was split in two after people living there went to war against their British rulers. But the break-up led to decades of unrest and violence in Northern Ireland, which remained part of the UK. British troops were deployed to Northern Ireland, at first to protect Catholics, but soon became involved in bursts of fierce fighting with paramilitary groups. Thousands of people on both sides were killed by bombs and bullets, while republican groups also launched attacks on England. The Good Friday Agreement was signed in and was seen as a major step towards peace in Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland. One of the most contentious and defining conflicts of the twentieth century and one whose impact is still felt today. What caused it?
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Deep origins

The conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century is known as the Troubles. Over 3, people were killed and thousands more injured. Over the course of three decades, violence on the streets of Northern Ireland was commonplace and spilled over into mainland Britain, the Republic of Ireland and as far afield as Gibraltar. Several attempts to find a political solution failed until the Good Friday Agreement, which restored self-government to Northern Ireland and brought an end to the Troubles. The Troubles refers to a violent thirty-year conflict that began with a civil rights march in Londonderry on 5 October and concluded with the Good Friday Agreement on 10 April

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