Stephen Hawking: A Biography by Kristine LarsenFew scientists are as recognizable as Stephen Hawking. Despite having Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrigs Disease)--an affliction that many experts expected to have killed him decades ago--Hawking remains a vital and influential voice in the scientific community. One of the leading cosmologists studying the celestial phenomenon known as black holes, Hawking has also led the way in popularizing science with his best-selling work A Brief History of Time. This biography of Hawking, written by a physicist, provides an accessible introduction to the life and work of an inspirational figure.
Biography of Stephen Hawking, Physicist and Cosmologist
Born: January 8, Oxford, England English scientist, physicist, and mathematician. British physicist and mathematician Stephen Hawking has made fundamental contributions to the science of cosmology—the study of the origins, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe. His father, a well-known researcher in tropical medicine, urged his son to seek a career in medicine, but Stephen found biology and medicine were not exact enough. Therefore, he turned to the study of mathematics and physics. Hawking was not an outstanding student at St.
Stephen Hawking January 8, —March 14, was a world-renowned cosmologist and physicist, especially esteemed for overcoming an extreme physical disability to pursue his groundbreaking scientific work. He was a bestselling author whose books made complex ideas accessible to the general public. His theories provided deep insights into the connections between quantum physics and relativity, including how those concepts might be united in explaining fundamental questions related to the development of the universe and the formation of black holes. His mother Isobel Hawking was an Oxford graduate and his father Frank Hawking was a medical researcher. After Stephen's birth, the family reunited in London, where his father headed the division of parasitology at the National Institute for Medical Research. The family then moved to St.
His scientific works included a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Hawking achieved commercial success with several works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. In , Hawking was diagnosed with an early-onset slow-progressing form of motor neurone disease MND; also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis "ALS" or Lou Gehrig 's disease that gradually paralysed him over the decades.
Stephen Hawking was a scientist known for his work with black holes and relativity, and the author of popular science books like 'A Brief History of Time.'.
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Stephen Hawking. When he was eight his family moved to St. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to St. Albans School and then on to University College, Oxford ; his father's old college. After three years and not very much work, he was awarded a first class honours degree in natural science. He then held the position of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
Stephen Hawking , in full Stephen William Hawking , born January 8, , Oxford , Oxfordshire, England—died March 14, , Cambridge , Cambridgeshire , English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes drew upon both relativity theory and quantum mechanics. He also worked with space-time singularities. Stephen Hawking worked on the physics of black holes. He proposed that black holes would emit subatomic particles until they eventually exploded. Hawking studied physics at University College, Oxford B.