Explorers Quotes (30 quotes)
European History/Exploration and Discovery
The Dutch colonization of the Americas began with the establishment of Dutch trading posts and plantations in the Americas , which preceded the much wider known colonisation activities of the Dutch in Asia. While the first Dutch fort in Asia was built in in present-day Indonesia , the first forts and settlements on the Essequibo River in Guyana date from the s. Actual colonization , with the Dutch settling in the new lands, was not as common as with other European nations. Many of the Dutch settlements were lost or abandoned by the end of the 17th century, but the Netherlands managed to retain possession of Suriname until it gained independence in , as well as the Netherlands Antilles , which remain within the Kingdom of the Netherlands today. Along the way, Dutch explorers were charged to claim any uncharted areas for the United Provinces, which led to several significant expeditions and, over time, Dutch explorers founded the province of New Netherland. On March 27, , the States General would move away from traditional monopolistic endeavors and take a new and freer approach to exploration and commercial development of the New World; the issuance of the General Charter for Those who Discover Any New Passages, Havens, Countries, or Places stated that "the said undertaking to be laudable, honorable, and serviceable for the prosperity of the United Provinces and wishing that the experiment be free and open to all and every of the inhabitants of this country, have invited and do hereby invite all and every of the inhabitants of the United Netherlands to the aforesaid search. In , Adriaen Block led an expedition to the lower Hudson River in the Tyger , and then explored the East River aboard the Onrust , becoming the first known European to navigate the Hellegat in order to gain access to Long Island Sound.
The European region known as the Low Countries present-day Belgium and The Netherlands was a backwater during much of medieval times. By the s, however, shipbuilding, fishing, and a textile industry had won the area new importance. By the s, a series of dukes of Burgundy had advanced the process of unification and tamed many of the local nobles. Warfare and marriage alliances broadened Burgundian control. A firm link was thus established between powerful Spain and the relatively weak Low Countries. The Protestant Reformation wielded a profound impact on the Low Countries.
The story of North American exploration spans an entire millennium andinvolves a wide array of European powers and uniquely American characters. The first attempt by Europeans to colonize the New World occurred around A. There they established a colony named Vineland meaning fertile region and from that base sailed along the coast of North America, observing the flora, fauna and native peoples. Inexplicably, Vineland was abandoned after only a few years. Although the Vikings never returned to America, other Europeans came to know of their accomplishments.
Early colonization projects
The Netherlands had a considerable part in the making of modern society. Dutch-speaking people , in spite of their relatively small number , have a significant history of invention , innovation , discovery and exploration. Until the fall of Antwerp , the Dutch and Flemish were generally seen as one people. During his first journey in , Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz discovered the Orange Islands , at the northern extremity of Nova Zembla. The first undisputed discovery of the archipelago was an expedition led by the Dutch mariner Willem Barentsz , who was looking for the Northern Sea Route to China.