The National War Labor Board: Stability, Social Justice, and the Voluntary State in World War I by Valerie Jean ConnerConner explains the background, organization, and workings of the National War Labor Board, created by President Wilson in April 1918. She analyzes the boards struggle to succeed and reveals how both labor and business attemted to use this partnership to further their own special interests. The author shows how, when dissatisfied private employers refused to cooperate voluntarily, the Wilson administration was forced to make compliance mandatory.
Originally published in 1980.
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National War Labor Board
The National War Labor Board was authorized in March for the purpose of preventing strikes that would disrupt production in war industries. The first appointments were made the next month. Under the direction of former president William Howard Taft and the labor lawyer Frank Walsh, the board persuaded industry to improve working conditions and wages and open themselves to negotiations with their employees for labor contracts. In exchange for not striking, unions were able to add more than a million members in two years. After the war, the work of the National War Labor Board was praised by progressives. A statement by Catholic Bishops in February described the board as follows:.
Roosevelt on 12 January under Executive Order No. Composed of four labor leaders from both the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations , four corporate executives, and four public representatives, it inherited personnel and policies from the National Defense Mediation Board 19 March —12 January and gained strength from a pledge made in December by employee and employer representatives to avoid strikes and lockouts during the war. On 3 October the board's jurisdiction was extended by Executive Order No.
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National War Labor Board, World War II
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National War Labor Board may refer to either of two United States government agencies established to mediate labor disputes in wartime:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. National War Labor Board may refer to either of two United States government agencies established to mediate labor disputes in wartime: National War Labor Board — National War Labor Board — Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term. Categories : Disambiguation pages. Hidden categories: Disambiguation pages with short description All article disambiguation pages All disambiguation pages.
The board was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson. It was composed of twelve members, including five representatives each from business and the American Federation of Labor AFL , as well as co-chairs Frank P. Walsh and former president William Howard Taft. The decisions of the NWLB generally supported and strengthened the position of labor. Although it opposed the disruption of war production by strikes , it supported an eight-hour day for workers, equal pay for women, and the right to organize unions and bargain collectively. Although the NWLB had no coercive enforcement power, Wilson generally ensured compliance with its decisions. In general, the relative strength of organized labor in America grew substantially during the war.