The Glass House Boys of Pittsburgh by James L. FlanneryAt the end of the nineteenth century, Pittsburgh was leading the nation in glass production, and glass bottle plants in particular relied heavily on adolescent (and younger) males for their manufacturing process. These “glass house boys” worked both day and night, as plants ran around the clock to meet production demands and remain price competitive with their newly-automated rivals. Boys performed menial tasks, received low wages, and had little to say on their own behalf.
By the turn of the century, most states had enacted laws banning children from working at night, and coupled with compulsory education requirements, had greatly reduced the use of children in industry. In western Pennsylvania, however, child labor was deeply entrenched, and Pennsylvania lawmakers lagged far behind the rest of the nation. In The Glass House Boys of Pittsburgh, James L. Flannery presents an original and compelling examination of legislative clashes over the singular issue of the glass house boys. He reveals the many societal, economic, and political factors at work that allowed for the perpetuation of child labor in this industry and region.
Through extensive research in Pennsylvania state legislature archives, National Child Labor Committee reports, and union and industry journals, Flannery uncovers a complex web of collusion between union representatives, industrialists, and legislators that kept child labor reform at bay. Despite national pressure, a concerted effort by reformers, and changes to education laws, the slow defeat of the “glass house exception” in 1915 came about primarily because of technological advances in the glass bottle industry that limited the need for child labor.
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Luxury Glasshouse Apartments Ready to Make Pittsburgh Debut
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At the turn of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was known as the glass capital of the United States, with more than factories in operation in western Pennsylvania and the bordering regions of Ohio and West Virginia. By the s, 80 percent of the glass in the U. In mid-December, Trammell Crow broke ground on Glasshouse, which is projected to have luxury rental apartments when it is completed in Residents will have access to a pool, a space underground garage and outdoor kitchen and dining areas. In adherence with DEP regulations, archaeologist Christine Davis is exploring the site for glass artifacts, and the developer is partnering with Pittsburgh Glass Center to design unique glass elements for each unit. The architect is B altimore-based firm Hord Copland Macht. Tenants will have access to their own free, on-site bike-share program through Healthy Ride.
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M any people may remember the land along the Monongahela River adjacent to Station Square as home to a complex hosting nightclubs such as Matrix or Saddle Ridge, but its history goes much deeper than that. Before it was a nighttime hotspot, the area featured a glass-making factory, one of many that used to thrive in this area. In , the East Warehouse holding the nightclubs was razed. It has since been used as a parking lot for people working, dining or shopping at the remaining Station Square buildings — until now. By , it made about 80 percent of the glass in America. Hence, the name Glasshouse and the focus on glass. Pricing for the units is not yet available.
Glasshouse will be a popular residential spot for young professionals. On Wednesday, there was a groundbreaking ceremony for a new development adjacent to Station Square. It was for a 5-story development called Glasshouse that will have apartments overlooking the Monongahela River with retail space on the ground floor, scheduled to open in The Hooters holds a special place in my memories, as we went there the night of my high school graduation in via a limo my friends and I rented. Simpson went on his freeway chase with the L.
Before steel-making took over, Western Pennsylvania was known as the nation's glass hub. Dubbed the Liberty and the Smithfield, Glasshouse's two adjacent U-shaped buildings — which also include underground parking spots — are named after the nearby Liberty and Smithfield bridges that lead from Downtown to the South Side. Baltimore-based architect Hord Coplan Macht — which Murray-Coleman says was chosen because of its extensive waterfront project experience — led the design process beginning in late Situated along the Great Allegheny Passage, Glasshouse is only steps away from the riverfront trail that connects Pittsburgh to Washington, D. Murray-Coleman says Glasshouse is continuing to search for a farm-to-table restaurant to occupy a 3, square-foot space on the first floor of the Smithfield building. The restaurant will be open to residents and non-residents alike.