Seven Days Battles 1862: Lee’s defense of Richmond by Angus KonstamOspreys examination of the short yet crucial campaign of the American Civil War (1861-1865). When General Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy was in crisis. Lee changed all that in a brilliant, week-long campaign. On 26 June the Confederates struck, fighting two hard-fought battles in two days at Mechanicsville and Gaines Mill. The ferocity of the Confederate assaults convinced McClellan that he was outnumbered. Unable to keep the Confederates at bay, the Union army was recalled to Washington. Despite losing a quarter of his men, Lee had saved Richmond, and inflicted a humiliating defeat on the Army of the Potomac.
The Seven Days Battles
Proving his skeptics wrong, Robert E. Lee took command of the Confederate Army at Richmond and after the Seven Days Battles pushed back Union forces and ensured his reputation as a brilliant commander. On June 1, , Robert E. Lee replaced a wounded Joseph E. This change of leadership occurred as George B. McClellan and his Army of the Potomac, which numbered more than , men, approached the climax of their grand offensive against the Southern capital.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee drove the invading Union Army of the Potomac , commanded by Maj. George B. McClellan , away from Richmond and into a retreat down the Virginia Peninsula. The series of battles is sometimes known erroneously as the Seven Days Campaign , but it was actually the culmination of the Peninsula Campaign , not a separate campaign in its own right.
The two most important results culminating from the Seven Days Battles (June 25 -July 1, ) around Richmond were that (1) General Robert E. Lee took.
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The Union Army of the Potomac, led by Maj. George B. McClellan, was over , men strong yet was steadily driven away from the ultimate goal of Richmond and back to the James River by Confederates led by a new field commander—Gen. Robert E. Lee had been serving as military adviser to Confederate president Jefferson Davis, but when Gen. Joseph E. After Gen.
Robert E. Lee makes a spectacular entrance onto the Civil War's main stage and in less than a week, later termed the Seven Days Battles, the Federal war effort is set back almost a year. By late afternoon on May 31, , the tens of thousands of sweat-soaked, powder-grimed, battle-deafened men near the rural crossroads of Seven Pines , Virginia, might well have wondered if the sun would ever go down. They had fought for hours, wet to the knees in flooded fields or blinded or blocked by dense thickets. It had been one of the bloodiest and more brutal days in American history to that point - the second most bloody and brutal, in fact, trailing only the first day of the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee, seven weeks earlier.
In the spring of General George B. By mid-May the Army of the Potomac lay on the outskirts of Richmond. McClellan planned to capture the capital of the Confederacy and perhaps end the war. If his strategy succeeded the nation might be reunited, but without the abolition of slavery. Confederate General Joseph E.