On Fiction Quotes (79 quotes)
What is the difference between "fiction" and "nonfiction"?
Critical Reading. Ways to Read. Fiction v. The author of a work of nonfiction has specific information or ideas to convey. Authors of nonfiction generally come out and say what they have on their minds. Nonfiction as noted elsewhere , as well as below is characterized by a claim of truth. Nonfiction can include a wide range of subjective forms of discussion: assertions of personal preferences or belief, appeals more to trust, faith, or personal values than scientific evidence or logical proof, subjective analysis of otherwise objective data, conclusions asserted with varying degrees of certainty.
Fiction broadly refers to any narrative consisting of imaginary people, events, or descriptions—in other words, a narrative not based strictly on history or fact. In its most narrow usage, fiction refers to novels, but it may also denote any " literary narrative" see literary fiction ,   including novels , novellas , and short stories. More broadly, fiction has come to encompass storytelling with imaginary elements in any format, including writings , audio recordings , live theatrical performances , comics , animated or live-action films , television programs , games most notably, role-playing and video games , and so on.
Experiments have shown that compared to fictional texts, readers read factual texts faster and have better memory for described situations. Reading fictional texts on the other hand seems to improve memory for exact wordings and expressions. In the present study, we investigated the effect of reader's expectation to whether information is true or fictional with a subtler manipulation by labeling short stories as either based on true or fictional events. In addition, we tested whether narrative perspective or individual preference in perspective taking affects reading true or fictional stories differently. The story could be narrated in either 1st or 3rd person perspective factor perspective. We measured immersion in and appreciation of the story, perspective taking, as well as memory for events.