Ockham Explained: From Razor to Rebellion by Rondo KeeleOckham Explained is an important and much-needed resource on William of Ockham, one of the most important philosophers of the Middle Ages. His eventful and controversial life was marked by sharp career moves and academic and ecclesiastical battles. At 28, Ockham was a conservative English theologian focused obsessively on the nature of language, but by 40, he had transformed into a fugitive friar, accused of heresy, and finally protected by the German emperor as he composed incendiary treatises calling for strong limits on papal authority. This book provides a thorough grounding in Ockham’s life and his many contributions to philosophy. It begins with an overview of the philosophers youth and the Aristotelian philosophy he studied as a boy. Subsequent chapters cover his ideas on language and logic; his metaphysics and vaunted razor, as well as his opponents’ anti-razor theories; his invention of the church-state separation; and much more. The concluding chapter sums up Ockhams compelling philosophical personality and explains his modern appeal.
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Medieval philosopher with a 'razor'
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The answer has 5 letters: OCCAM
History of Medieval Philosophy: Boethius
Medieval philosophy designates the philosophical speculation that occurred in western Europe during the Middle Ages —i. Philosophy of the medieval period was closely connected to Christian thought, particularly theology , and the chief philosophers of the period were churchmen. Philosophers who strayed from this close relation were chided by their superiors. Greek philosophy ceased to be creative after Plotinus in the 3rd century ad. A century later, Christian thinkers such as St. Ambrose — , St. Victorinus died c.
In the small village of Ockham, near Woking in Surrey, stands a church. Made of grey stone, it has a pitched roof and an unassuming church tower but parts of it date back to the 13th century. This means they would have been standing when the village witnessed the birth of one of the greatest philosophers in Medieval Europe. His name was William and he became known as William of Ockham. During a turbulent career he managed to offend the Chancellor of Oxford University, disagree with his own ecclesiastical order and get excommunicated by the Pope. He also declared that the authority of rulers derives from the people they govern and was one of the first people so to do. But why is William of Ockham significant in the history of philosophy, how did his turbulent life fit within the political dramas of his time and to what extent do we see his ideas in the work of later thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes and even Martin Luther?
Occam's razor also Ockham's razor or Ocham's razor : Latin : novacula Occami ; or law of parsimony : Latin : lex parsimoniae is the problem-solving principle that states "Entities should not be multiplied without necessity. It is sometimes misquoted in pop culture and other media by some form of the statement "The simplest solution is most likely the right one. Similarly, in science, Occam's razor is used as an abductive heuristic in the development of theoretical models rather than as a rigorous arbiter between candidate models. For each accepted explanation of a phenomenon, there may be an extremely large, perhaps even incomprehensible, number of possible and more complex alternatives. Since one can always burden failing explanations with ad hoc hypotheses to prevent them from being falsified, simpler theories are preferable to more complex ones because they are more testable. The term Occam's razor did not appear until a few centuries after William of Ockham 's death in Libert Froidmont , in his On Christian Philosophy of the Soul , takes credit for the phrase, speaking of " novacula occami ".