Altered States of Consciousness: A Book of Readings by Charles T. TartDr Charles T. Tart (b. 37) is known for work on the nature of consciousness & altered states, as a founder of transpersonal psychology & for research in scientific parapsychology. His Altered States of Consciousness (69) & Transpersonal Psychologies (75), are widely used texts instrumental in making these areas part of modern psychology. Hes currently (05) a Core Faculty Member at the Inst. of Transpersonal Psych. (Palo Alto) & a Sr Research Fellow of the Inst. of Noetic Sciences (Sausalito), as well as Prof. Emeritus of Psych. at the U. of California, Davis, where he served for 28 years & emeritus member of the Monroe Inst. board of advisors. He was the holder of the Bigelow Chair of Consciousness Studies at the U. of Nevada in Las Vegas & has served as a Visiting Prof. in East-West Psych. at the California Inst. of Integral Studies, as an Instructor in Psychiatry at the School of Medicine of the U. of Virginia & a consultant on government funded parapsychological research at the Stanford Research Inst. (SRI Internatl).
1 Some general views on altered states of consciousness
Altered states of consciousness/ Arnold M. Ludwig
Deautomatization & the mystic experience/ Arthur J. Deikman
A special inquiry w/Aldous Huxley into the nature & character of various states of consciousness/ Milton H. Erickson
2 Between waking & sleeping: the hypnagogic state. Ego functions & dreaming during sleep onset/ Gerald Vogel, David Foulkes, Harry Trosman
Some preliminary observations w/an experimental procedure for the study of hypnagogic & related phenomena/ M. Bertini, Helen B. Lewis, Herman A. Witkin
3 Dream consciousness. Theories of dream formation & recent Studies of sleep consciousness/ David Foulkes
Toward the experimental control of dreaming: a review of the literature/ Tart
A study of dreams/ Frederik van Eeden
Dream theory in Malaya/ Kilton Stewart
The high dream: a new state of consciousness/ Tart
4 Meditation. On meditation/ Edward W. Maupin
Individual differences in response to a zen meditation exercise/ Edward W.E. Maupin
Experimental meditation/ Arthur J. Deikman
Meditative techniques in psychotherapy/ Wolfgang Kretschmer
5 Hypnosis. Hypnosis & the concept of the generalized reality-orientation/ Ronald E. Shor
Three Dimensions of hypnotic depth/ Ronald E. Shor
Hypnosis, depth perception & the psychedelic experience/ Bernard S. Aaronson
The psychedelic state, the hypnotic trance & the creative act/ Stanley Krippner
Psychedelic experiences associated with a novel hypnotic procedure, mutual hypnosis/ Tart
Autogenic training: method, research & application in medicine/ Wolfgang Luthe
6 Minor psychedelic drugs. Marijuana (cannabis) fact sheet/ Bruin Humanist Forum
The effects of marijuana on consciousness/ Anon.
Psychedelic properties of genista canariensis/ James Fadiman
Subjective effects of nitrous oxide/ Wm James
Inhalation psychosis & related states/ Frederick B. Glaser
7 Major psychedelic drugs. Current status & future trend in psychedelic research/ Robert E. Mogar
Implications of LSD & experimental mysticism/ Walter N. Pahnke, Wm A. Richard
Attitude & behavior change thru psychedelic drug use/ Joseph Downing
Ipomoea purpurea: a naturally occurring psychedelic/ Chas Savage, Willis W. Harman, James Fadiman
Psychedelic agents in creative problem solving/ Willis Harman et al.
Psychedelic experiences in acute psychoses/ Malcolm B. Bowers Jr, Daniel Freedman
Guide to the literature on psychedelic drugs/ Tart
8 The psychophysiology of some altered states of consciousness
An electroencephalographic study on the zen meditation (Zazen)/ Akira Kasamatsu, Tomio Hirai
Some aspects of electroencephalographic studies in yogis/ B.K. Anand, G.S. Chhina, Baldev Singh
Operant control of the EEG alpha rhythm & some of its reported effects on consciousness/ Joe Kamiya
Altered state of consciousness
We are all aware that our dreams may contain very different kinds of thoughts than those that we have while awake. However, there are also wakeful situations in which we can experience an altered state of consciousness ASC — these include hallucination, hypnotic states, trance states and meditation. The idea that bodies might be possessed by demons, witches, or spirits also exists as a popular theme in media and in some religious traditions. However, contemporary mainstream North American culture does not embrace these practices in rituals, healing practices, or as part of ordinary life. In other words, ASCs are not institutionalized Winkelman ASCs have likely been part of the human cognitive repertoire for at least , years, if not longer. Entoptically-suggestive art that is, art composed of motifs indicating sensory deprivation and commonly-associated forms of visual hallucination can be seen as early as 70,, years ago at Blombos Cave in South Africa Henshilwood et al.
People have been deliberately trying to alter their consciousness since the beginning of human history. Human beings have used meditation, medication, religious rituals, sleep deprivation, and numerous other means to alter their levels of everyday awareness. Psychologist and author Stanley Krippner identified more than 20 states of altered consciousness. One of the more common states is dreaming. Here are four altered states of consciousness:. Rapture: An intense feeling of overpowering emotion, experienced as pleasurable and positive. People have reported experiencing rapture after sex, ritualistic dancing, religious rituals, and the use of psychoactive substances.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Consciousness can be characterized as a state of mental alertness and awareness. Consciousness can also be characterized as the experience of voluntariness. A person is in an altered state of consciousness to the extent that these monitoring and controlling functions have been modified or distorted Farthing, ; Kihlstrom, For example, a person may be unaware of current or past events that nonetheless are affecting his or her experience, thought, and action; or a person may represent objects and events in a manner that is radically discordant with objective reality; or a person may be unable to exert ordinary levels of voluntary control over attention and behavior. Yet, in contrast, an individual in an altered state of consciousness may be more aware of events than usual or otherwise able to transcend the limits of normal voluntary control.
When you hear the words “altered state of consciousness” you may think of bellbottoms, hippies, and LSD. But some altered states have.
causality electromagnetic induction and gravitation
What are altered states of consciousness?
An altered state of consciousness ASC ,  also called altered state of mind or mind alteration , is any condition which is significantly different from a normal waking state. - Although the use of psychoactive drugs can easily and profoundly change our experience of consciousness, we can also — and often more safely — alter our consciousness without drugs.
A n altered state of consciousness is a brain state wherein one loses the sense of identity with one's body or with one's normal sense perceptions. A person may enter an altered state of consciousness through such things as sensory deprivation or overload, neurochemical imbalance, fever, or trauma. One may also achieve an altered state by chanting, meditating, entering a trance state, or ingesting psychedelic drugs. The testimonies of mystics and meditators who claim that their ability to enter altered states of consciousness has brought them enlightenment or transcendence are generally regarded with great skepticism among the majority of scientists in Western society. Other researchers, especially those in the field of parapsychology, maintain that Western science must recognize the value of studying altered states of consciousness and face up to the fact that what scientists consider baseline or normal consciousness is not unitary.