История России с древних времен до 1861 года by Н.И. ПавленкоСойдёт для цели получить наконец представление об истории России, но ничего больше ждать от этой книги не стоит.
Во введении авторы дистанцируются от советской историографии, но на деле почти все оценки, которые они дают историческим событиям, вполне вписываются в советскую точку зрения. Поэтому совсем некритично читать нельзя.
Язык очень так себе. Пускай академический стиль любит длинные предложения - но не тогда же, когда они внезапно оказываются рассогласованы или содержат внутреннее противоречие из-за неправильного построения. Совсем набили оскомину два постоянно встречающихся слова: акция вместо мера, поступок, действие и массы в применении к народу - угнетённые трудовые массы, народные массы, массы, массы, массы! А я-то думала, что гуманитарии - это люди, хорошо говорящие и пишущие на родном языке...
Отмена крепостного права в России
Book: История России с древнейших времен до 1861 года
A caricature of Russian serfs. By: Katherine E. Serfdom in Europe can be traced back to the 11th century. Known as the Russian Empire, a term coined by Peter I the Great, this time period is an era of reform for the peasant serfs in the Russian countryside. In this research guide, the period of time attempted to be covered is between , at the beginning of what is know as the Russian Empire, and the year , when under the rule of czar Alexander II serfdom was abolished. Many elements influenced this turn of events for serfs, from Enlightenment ideas that found their way into the Russian crown to general apathy towards American slavery at the time.
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Saint Petersburg University was founded in February as a result of the renaming and subsequent reorganization of the Main Pedagogical Institute. In the building of the Twelve Colleges, a solemn ceremony of "opening" the university took place. By this time in the building of the Twelve Colleges for more than 15 years, the Pedagogical Institute was located and operated with all its professors, students, ministers, cabinets and collections in terms of the level of education, but did not have the proper status. Shortly after the opening of the classes, the university conference was designed to facilitate the study of students in the division of subjects at the mathematical faculty into physics and mathematics and natural-test subjects, and at the philological faculty to historical, philological and oriental literature. In , the first university graduation was held - 26 people. In the same year the university was transferred from the building of the Twelve Colleges to the southern part of the city beyond the Fontanka.
Dmitry Alekseevich received home education. During his service he published his articles in various military magazines, translated military writings of the Special Military School of Saint-Cyr and published an article dedicated to Russian generalissimo A. To gain combat experience in he was sent to the Caucasus, to Chechnya detachment headquarters, took part in battles against the Highlanders. As he returned to St. Petersburg holding the rank of captain, he was appointed Quartermaster of the 3rd Guards Infantry Division. In for health reasons Milyutin returned back to Petersburg and changed his military activities to military science, became Professor of the Imperial Military Academy, Military Geography Department, and later — Military Statistics Department. A year later he accepted the proposal of Prince A.
The great reforms reached the stage of practical implementation. Examples of breaking through are sought and found in violent industrializations of Peter the Great and Stalin, who achieved short-term solutions to vital technical problems but brought the society to an even more archaic level than before the beginning of industrialization. Reforms of Alexander II , rendering the social system more complicated, increasing the number of actors of social and historical creation, have been deleted from the relevant memory, and are still quite often stigmatized as extortionate in accordance with the Soviet tradition, despite the data received by historians during the last three decades. The supreme power realized the necessity of radical reforms under the impression from an obvious collapse of the regime of Nikolay I endeavoring to secure a high stability of the system, having waved aside the society from any influence on state affairs and ruling exclusively via the bureaucratic vertical of power. An important prerequisite of the Great reforms was liberally thinking intelligentsia. The experience of more developed and prosperous countries of the Old and the New World was thoroughly analyzed and applied to national realities. It is appropriate to remember that effective reforms were only possible thanks to publicity and transparency.